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Descriptive case study

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Different Types of Case Study

This video will explain the three different types of case study: Exploratory, Descriptive and Explanatory.-- Created using PowToon --

The 3 Basic Types of Descriptive Research Methods - Psych Central

Descriptive case study

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Case Study - UIAH

Book Report on Naomi Wolf’s The Beauty Myth. Beauty is a thing that is supposed to be regarded as something beneficial for humans particularly women. However, because of beauty myths brought about by case media advertisements, instead it became a harmful concept. In presenting this issue, this paper carries a report on Naomi Wolf’s The Beauty Myth and most importantly their damaging implications to women in order to emphasize that media’s wrong beauty representations are detrimental rather than beneficial to women. Need essay sample on Book Report on what makes to an essay, Naomi Wolf’s The Beauty Myth ? We will write a custom essay sample specifically for you for only $12.90/page. Book Report on Naomi Wolf’s The Beauty Myth. The old cliche which says that “beauty is in descriptive study the eye of the introduction to an, beholder” no longer gains considerable significance in today’s modern and demanding world. This is case due to 1940 s interviews the misleading and demeaning reality concerning ideas or images of how people are viewed and descriptive case, regarded to be beautiful. In this situation, it is the female population who is more affected hence an alarming and increased requirement for women to adhere to what the society dictates as a representation of beauty. The practice is not generally detrimental because a continuous adherence to jean luc godard the standard of being beautiful is encouraging. However, harmful factors and case, implications exist when the idea to essay example be beautiful opposed its very purpose to bring out the descriptive case, best in an individual particularly a woman and instead causes detriment and leads to disadvantages because of deviation from the natural interpretation of a good to an, beauty.

Human nature speaks of the presence and obviously the devotion to case beauty. This holds true especially nowadays that humankind has evolved practically in all aspects. What To An Essay? Hence, the yardsticks that comprise beauty and how to be beautiful have been remarkably modified in order to fit people’s ways of life. Particularly for women, the descriptive study, essence of beauty goes beyond the inner characteristics but is most determined with what her occupation, tradition, faith and sexual preference call for. S Interviews? Most notably, the beauty of a woman now relies with what her physical or body attributes exemplify. Descriptive? In doing so, such principles and reflections unfortunately compel her to die to death just to be beautifully thin as well as be subjected with the judith more room, pain and descriptive case, cruelty of going under the knife to both enhance her external features and what a good introduction to an essay, survive the challenging public. Exploiting on women’s preoccupation with their respective appearance, it is now essentially empirical to note that the ideas and descriptive case, images of the a good, female population about descriptive case beauty have never cease to be used against them. This is makes primarily attributed to the fact women’s beauty thoughts are, in fact, least based on logic and descriptive case, the rest are dependent with myths. Simply put, women are inclined to accept as true or not any representation of beauty without its rational evaluation. In turn, both broadcast and print media particularly beauty and fashion publications such as magazine with its various forms of advertisements play an important function and enormous influence about how women carry and display themselves as beautiful.

This is such a disturbing reality since media or magazine commercials are really not aimed to why i to go to italy improve the beauty of women but are rather aimed for the benefit of concerned industries and products. Ultimately in the end, as women aspire for and carry out the need for study them to be beautiful, they risk both their natural inner and outer loveliness to the dangers of beauty myths. Wolf’s The Beauty Myth, an Overview. The presented issues and dilemmas are what a feminist writer has explicitly and successfully imparted in her daring and intriguing yet moving and an eye-opener book. In the literary work “The Beauty Myth: How Images of Beauty are Used Against Women,” by Naomi Wolf, the jean essay, working theme concerning beauty falsehoods and illusions as well as how media such as beauty-related magazines employ said myths against or to the detriment of women have become the concrete and effective catalysts in case study the book. In a contemporary setting where the existing standards of women go beneath what is expected, media advertisements such as beauty and fashion magazine commercials flow women’s lives and thoughts with idealistic and misleading representations of essays, true beauty. Wolf made the public realize the destructive effects created by the tall, virtually made thin models that portray the current beauty make-over and led even the most beautiful woman doubt her look (Wolf, 1991). The author effectively disputed that women’s lack of confidence are just deceitfully intensified by descriptive case media particularly magazine images and room essays, worst is abused by supposedly diverse ways of diet regimens as well as the different industries of aesthetic and surgical procedures. Study? The Wolf book noted with deep concern how in a woman’s daily life, she is offered and subjected with deceiving beauty myths allegedly to remedy her make-believe defects specifically body flaws. The truth, however, is that the said beauty illusions only what makes a good essay, lured women into a compulsive and fanatical as well as desperate and dangerous system of beautification which was created based upon an effort to attain an impractical beauty criteria. Descriptive Case? Hence, the book is best commendable with its successful dismissal of the misleading standards of beauty and instead recognition of the distinct and innate women’s beauty (Wolf, 1991).

The Beauty Myth Chapter Summaries. A summary of a good introduction, every chapter of the Wolf book will indeed substantiate what its author aimed to descriptive case study impart. Prior to chapter presentations, the author showed and judith more, confirmed how the media ideas and images of beauty apparently became weapons of destruction which were used against descriptive case women and for them to loose their self-confidence. This is primarily because of the undeniable fact that nobody, even a woman for that matter, who is beautifully perfect or flawless and can survive an idealistic beauty standard. Additionally, the book concurred that beauty definitely has a valid function in all persons’ lives and personal essay example, the possibility of descriptive case, attraction to essay example each person. However, Wolf clarified that the predicament lies when beauty is characterized not in its natural nature but unfortunately based from the external features of women being extremely skinny, spirited and young-looking which are all, in fact, impossible for women who are in good physical and descriptive case, even psychological states. The Beauty Myth dealt with six life themes wherein each of the area presented dilemmas as consequences of the beauty fallacies. A chapter is allotted for every subject matter hence each can be discussed on its own. When it is incorporated with the rest they formed a general and comprehensive substance relating to jean luc godard Wolf’s positions about beauty myths and their harmful implications as media’s misleading beauty images endangering women. The six chapters were simply entitled as: work, culture, religion, sex, hunger and violence (Wolf, 1991). In Chapter 1, Wolf presented how the perspective on beauty was utilized to case study the detriment of women as far as the aspect of work or organizational environment is concern.

The book plainly yet helpfully provided the essay, readers with the premise those beautiful women employees are not seriously considered in their respective work setting. This means that the labor force regard beautiful women-members of corporations as nothing but a pretty face. It is descriptive sad to note that a woman’s beauty did not play a positive part in luc godard essay her professional growth by instead hinderer her from proving her worth to descriptive study a company. On the essay, other hand, if a woman worker is not that pretty and even falls below the idealistic standard of beauty, her looks is descriptive study taken against her. This is because as a corporate employee, it is expected that one exemplifies a presentable personality and want essay, if not, she is legally held liable since her unattractive personality is perceived to descriptive case be not contributing to the office growth. But then again, no one is to 1940 essays be singled as responsible for any form of harassment such as sexual abuse but the woman employee herself if she is beautiful. And it is the descriptive study, other way around when a woman lacks beauty because any violation against her will be doubted. In fact, a number of court cases were women expectedly lost supported these conditions that Wolf has clearly revealed (Wolf, 1991). Culture as the book’s second chapter centered on what makes to an, the function of media particularly magazine advertisements apparently as the only authority in forming women’s lives. This situation is done by having women as the main characters commercials about beauty and fashion merchandise. Case? In effect, women then are subjected to terrible feeling because of the deceiving beauty images that magazine advertisements provide which are indeed the opposite jean luc godard of what an average woman really looks.

This chapter also noted how advertisers with their respective sales personnel and models force magazine publications into this system. This is because of the underlying principle that once a woman feels awful about the way how she looks then the time for her to spend her fortunes and descriptive study, even hard-earned income on perfect term paper, various fashion and beauty-enhancing products (Wolf, 1991). In real life, this pertains to the usual catch phrases employed by advertising people in making their products sell to women. An example on this misleading beauty magazine commercial is about a hair conditioner product which is supposedly intended for nurturing hair roots and eventually creates flexible, strong and glossy hair for women. This is totally misleading as nourishing conditioner is; in fact, useless for women because human hair is composed of lifeless epidermis hence no longer needs such beauty product (“Beauty Ads Pull Women’s Legs Selling Unnatural, Useless Products,” 2006). Study? In the judith ortiz cofer room, next chapter, Wolf effectively persuaded the public with the significant role of religion as one of the beauty myths. The book further disputed that a woman’s aspiration for beauty and its related components such as thinness as well as preferred complexion and other body features have substituted her ultimate pursuit for ethical righteousness and even divine salvation. The author likewise disclosed how the said pursuit for an ideal beauty has created similar implications that religion has previously done which is of maintaining women submissiveness or compliance and obsession about beauty (Wolf, 1991). Case Study? Sex was another part of beauty myth which was provided with its particular chapter as the book showed how such misleading representations about beauty restrained women’s sexuality and sexual inclination.

This is by making a number of women very cognizant of why i want to go essay, themselves to be liberally involved in sex or sexual act with ease. Relatively, it is in this chapter that Wolf discussed about women’s extreme dieting and even starving themselves have apparently resulted into study, retreating sex drive and sex appeal to judith more essays a partner. In effect, such beauty myth also harms men because this makes them ignorant of the true essence and beauty of case study, women. This happens as men perform the role as evaluator of the beauty of their wives or significant others rather than effectively being women’s partner adding negative effects to their sexual bonding (Wolf, 1991). What Introduction To An Essay? The second to the last chapter is study about hunger which was regarded as beauty myth which persuades women to voluntarily feel starvation and even let themselves hungry to death. This condition becomes evident with the fact that women take food low in calories which made them more deprive compared with victims of food crisis in third-world nations. The outcome of this beauty illusion is the strange weight loss or gain as well as the various manifestations of eating disorders such as obsessive eating, bulimia and anorexia. This was highlighted with Wolf’s personal account of her struggle with anorexia (Wolf, 1991).

The last chapter concerns violence as beauty myth. The book explained it does not pertain to domestic hostility but instead with self-imposed cruelty that aesthetic and surgical operations create. This is where violence sets in because such beauty fallacy results into agonizing and destructive effects to women’s bodies. This chapter successfully imparted the error by women by jeopardizing their supposed erotic or sexual reactions which disappear and even inviting death because of personal statement essay example, women’s wrong practice of going under the case study, knife in exchange of beauty and body enhancements. 1940? This section of the book somehow presumed that because of this violent beauty myth, the society indicates that women are better off face risks and their deaths rather contrasting the idealistic nature of case study, beauty (Wolf, 1991). The Beauty Myth by luc godard essay Wolf is a commendable book for it effectively debated and left a realization among people that the descriptive study, society’s wrong illustrations of beauty are only attributed to beauty myths brought about by media advertisements. Beauty myths have damaged the worth of women because such representations do nothing but harm the welfare of the female population as well as the people who surround them and the communities where they belong. Health. (2006).

Beauty Ads Pull Women’s Legs Selling Unnatural, Useless Products. Retrieved January 9, 2009, from Wolf, N. (1991). The Beauty Myth: How Images of Beauty are Used Against Women. New York, NY: HarperCollins.

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The 3 Basic Types of Descriptive Research Methods - Psych Central

Institute for Writing and Rhetoric. Making sense out of your observations about a text is case study, a difficult task. Judith Cofer More Room. Even once you've figured out what it is that you want to say, you are left with the problem of how to say it. With which idea should you begin? Should you address the descriptive case, opinions of other thinkers?

As to that stubborn contradiction you've uncovered in your own thinking: what do you do with that? Writing papers in college requires that you come up with sophisticated, complex, and even creative ways of structuring your ideas. Accordingly, there are no simple formulae that we can offer you that will work for every paper, every time. We can, however, give you some things to think about that will help you as you consider how to structure your paper. Begin by listening to your thesis. If it is well-written, it will tell you which way to essays go with your paper. Suppose, for example, that in responding to Richard Pipes' book, The Russian Revolution, you have written a thesis that says: The purpose of the Russian Revolution was not only to revise Russia's class system, but to create a new world, and within that world, a new kind of human being. This thesis provides the writer (and the reader) with several clues about how best to descriptive study structure the paper.

First, the thesis promises the s interviews essays, reader that it will argue that the Russian Revolution was not simply a matter of class. The paper will therefore begin by descriptive case study, saying that although the destruction of the personal, Russian class system was important to case the heart of this revolution, it was not its final goal. The rest of the paper will be broken into two parts: the revolution's vision of world communism, and (even more important) its vision of the new homo sovieticus - or soviet human being. I say that this idea of the homo sovieticus is more important than the idea of a new world order not because the Russian revolutionaries thought so, but because the writer seems to say so in her thesis. Read the thesis sentence again. Note how the emphasis falls on the last phrase: A new kind of personal statement human being. The emphasis in this sentence dictates the emphasis of the descriptive study, entire paper. We expect, as readers, that the other issues taken up in what a good to an essay, this paper - the destruction of class, the invention of descriptive case a new world order - will be discussed in terms of creating a new kind of jean luc godard essay human being. Case Study. In other words, we won't be given simply a description of how this revolution intended to paper affect world economy; we will be given a description of how this revolution intended to manipulate economic conditions so that they would be more favorable to descriptive case study the evolution of the personal example, new Soviet person.

While your thesis will provide you with your paper's general direction, it will not necessarily provide you with a plan for how to organize all of your points, large and small. Here it might be helpful to make a diagram or a sketch of your argument. In sketching your argument your goal is to fill the page with your ideas. Begin by writing your thesis. Put it where your instincts tell you to: at the top of the page, in the center, at the bottom. Around the thesis, cluster the points you want to study make.

Under each of these points, note the observations you've made and the evidence you'll use. Don't get nervous when your sketch starts to look like a mess. Use arrows. Draw circles. Take up colored pens. Any of these methods can help you to find connections between your ideas that otherwise might go unseen. Working from your sketch, try to term paper see the line of reasoning that is evolving. Sketching is an important step in the writing process because it allows you to explore visually the connections between your ideas. If you outline a paper too early in the writing process, you risk missing these connections. You line up your argument - A. B. Descriptive Case. C. S Interviews Essays. - without fully understanding why.

Sketching your argument helps you to see, for example, that points A and C really overlap and case study, need to be thought through more carefully. When you've finished your sketch, you're ready to make an jean essay, outline. The task of your outline is to find your paper's best structure. Case. By best structure, we mean the structure that best supports the argument that you intend to make. When you are outlining a paper, you'll have many options for why i want to go essay your organization. Understand, however, that each choice you make eliminates dozens of study other options. Your goal is to come up with an outline in which all your choices support your thesis. In other words, your goal is to find the best structure for your argument.

Treat the outline as if it were a puzzle that you are trying to put together. In a puzzle, each piece has only what a good to an essay, one appropriate place. The same should be true of your paper. If it's easy to shift around your ideas - if paragraph five and paragraph nine could be switched around and no one would be the wiser - then you haven't yet found the best structure for your paper. Keep working until your outline fits your idea like a glove. When you think you have an outline that works, challenge it. I've found when I write that the first outline never holds up to a good interrogation. Case. When you start asking questions of your outline, you will begin to see where the plan holds, and where it falls apart. Here are some questions that you might ask: Does my thesis control the direction of essays my outline? Are all of my main points relevant to my thesis?

Can any of these points be moved around without changing something important about my thesis? Does the outline seem logical? Does my argument progress, or does it stall? If my argument seems to take a turn, mid-stream, does my thesis anticipate that turn? Do I have sufficient support for each of study my points? Have I made room in my outline for essays other points of view about case study my topic? Does this outline reflect a thorough, thoughtful argument? Have I covered the ground? Imagine that you've written your thesis.

You've interrogated your outline. You know which modes of arrangement you intend to use. You've settled on a plan that you think will work. Now you have to go about the serious business of constructing your paragraphs. You may have been told in 1940, high school that paragraphs are the descriptive case study, workhorses of your paper. To Italy Essay. Indeed, they are. If a single paragraph is incoherent or unfocused, the entire argument might fail. It's important that you consider carefully the job of each paragraph. Know what it is you want that paragraph to do. A paragraph is generally understood as a single unit of a paper. What your reader expects when he enters a new paragraph is that he is case study, going to hear you declare a point and then offer support for that point.

Or that he is going to hear your evidence, and makes introduction, then see what it all adds up to. If you violate the reader's expectation - if your paragraphs wander aimlessly among a half dozen points, or if they declare points without offering any evidence to support them - then the reader becomes confused or irritated by descriptive, your argument. Cofer More Room. He won't want to read any further. At the risk of seeming silly, we ask you to consider this metaphor: what you look for in a partner, a reader looks for in a paragraph. You want a partner who is descriptive case study, supportive, strong, and why i to italy, considerate to others. Similarly, a good paragraph will: Even in the most trying of times a good paragraph will find a way to descriptive case study support the thesis. S Interviews Essays. It will declare its relationship to the thesis clearly, so that everyone knows what the paragraph intends to do. In other words, a supportive paragraph's main idea clearly develops the argument of the thesis. A good paragraph isn't bloated with irrelevant evidence or redundant sentences. Nor is it a scrawny thing, begging to be fed.

It's strong and well-formed. Case Study. You know that it's been worked on. Term Paper. In other words, a strong paragraph develops its main idea, using sufficient evidence. Good paragraphs consider their relationship to other paragraphs. A good paragraph never interrupts its fellow paragraphs to babble on descriptive about its own, irrelevant problems. More Essays. A good paragraph waits its turn. It shows up when and case study, where it's supposed to.

It doesn't make a mess for other paragraphs to cofer room clean up. In other words, a considerate paragraph is a coherent paragraph. Case. It makes sense within the text as a whole. Just as a paper relies on what makes a good introduction to an a thesis or claim to assert and shape its argument, so do paragraphs require a topic sentence to assert and shape their main ideas. Without a topic sentence, your paragraphs could seem muddled, or aimless. Because the topic sentence plays an important role in your paragraph, it must be crafted with care. When you've written a topic sentence, ask yourself the following questions: Does the study, topic sentence declare an argument point?

Because the reader generally expects that each paragraph will explore one point in your argument, it's important that your topic sentence isn't too ambitious. Jean. If your topic sentence points to case study two or three ideas, consider developing more paragraphs. Does the topic sentence further my argument? Give your topic sentences the same so what? test that you gave your thesis sentence. If your topic sentence isn't interesting, your paragraph probably won't serve to further the argument. Your paper could stall. Is the topic sentence relevant to my thesis? It might seem so to you, but the relevance may not be so clear to your reader.

If you find that your topic sentence is taking you into new ground, stop writing and s interviews, consider your options. You'll either have to case rewrite your thesis to accommodate this new direction, or you will have to why i want edit this paragraph from your final paper. Descriptive Case Study. Is there a clear relationship between this topic sentence and the paragraph that came before? It's important to make sure that you haven't left out any steps in the process of composing your argument. If you make a sudden turn in personal, your reasoning, signify that turn to the reader by descriptive, using the proper transitional phrase - on the other hand, however, etc. Does the 1940 s interviews essays, topic sentence give the paragraph focus?

If your paragraph seems to unravel, take a second look. It might be that your topic sentence isn't adequately focusing your paragraph and needs to descriptive study be re-written. Or it might be that your paragraph is moving on to a new idea that needs to be sorted out. Where have I placed my topic sentence? Be strategic about where you place your topic sentences. Often a topic sentence comes at or near the want to italy, beginning of a paragraph. If your argument requires that you put it elsewhere, plan accordingly.

You can justify putting the descriptive study, topic sentence in 1940, the middle of the descriptive study, paragraph, for example, if you have information that needs to precede it. Luc Godard Essay. You can also justify putting the topic sentence at the end of the paragraph, if you want the reader to consider your line of reasoning before you declare your main point. But the descriptive study, placement of the sentence matters. Consider where the sentence best serves the paragraph and place it there. Developing Your Argument: Evidence. Students often ask how long a paragraph ought to be. Our response: As long as it takes. It's possible to make a point quickly.

Sometimes it's desirable to keep it short. Jean. Notice the above paragraph, for example. Study. We might have hemmed and 1940 essays, hawed, talked about short paragraphs and long paragraphs. We might have said that the average paragraph is case, one-half to two-thirds of a page in length. Jean Luc Godard Essay. We might have spent time explaining why the too-short paragraph is too short, and the too-long paragraph too long. Instead, we cut to the chase.

After huffing and descriptive study, puffing through this paragraph (which is getting longer and longer all the time) we'll give you the same advice: a good paragraph is as long as it needs to be in essay, order to case study illustrate, explore, and/or prove its main idea. But length isn't all that matters in paragraph development. What's important is that a paragraph develops its idea fully, and in a manner that a reader can follow with ease. Let's consider these two issues carefully. First: how do we know when an idea is term paper, fully developed? If your topic sentence is well-written, it should tell you what your paragraph needs to do. If my topic sentence declares, for example, that there are two important considerations that must be made in understanding a particular scientific theory, then my reader will expect that I will define and illustrate these two considerations. I might take two paragraphs to do this; I might take one.

My decision will depend on how important this matter is to my discussion. If the descriptive case study, point is an important one, I take my time. I also (more likely than not) use at least two paragraphs. Perfect. In this case, a topic sentence might be understood as controlling not only a paragraph, but an descriptive case study, entire section of text. When you've written a paragraph, ask yourself these questions: Do I have enough evidence to support this paragraph's idea? Do I have too much evidence? (In other words, will the reader be lost in a morass of details, unable to to go to italy see the descriptive study, point I am making?) Does this evidence clearly support the assertion I am making in this paragraph, or am I stretching it? If I am stretching it, what can I do to persuade the reader that this stretch is jean luc godard, worth making?

Am I repeating myself in this paragraph? Have I defined all of the descriptive case, paragraph's important terms? Can I say, in a nutshell, what the purpose of this paragraph is? Has the paragraph fulfilled that purpose? Developing Your Argument: Arrangement.

Equally important to the idea of a paragraph's development is the matter of the paragraph's arrangement. Paragraphs are arranged differently for different purposes. What Makes Introduction Essay. For example, if you are writing a history paper and wish to summarize a sequence of events, you of course will arrange your information chronologically. If you are writing a paper for descriptive case an art history course in which you want to describe a painting or a building, then you will perhaps choose to arrange your information spatially. S Interviews. If you are writing a paper for case a sociology course in which you have been asked to observe the behaviors of shoppers at why i essay a supermarket, you might want to descriptive case study arrange your ideas by working from the specific to ortiz cofer more room essays the general. Descriptive Study. And so on. You will also want to makes introduction to an essay consider your method of reasoning when you construct your paragraph.

Are you using inductive logic, working from clues towards your conclusion? If so, your paragraph will reflect this way of thinking: your evidence will come early on in the paragraph, and the topic sentence will appear at the end. If, on the other hand, you are using deductive logic, your paragraph will very likely be arranged like a syllogism. Descriptive. (For more information about constructing logical paragraphs, see Logic and Argument.) OK, so you've gotten this far: you have your thesis, your topic sentences, and truckloads of evidence to support the whole lot. You've spent three days writing your paragraphs, making sure that each paragraph makes a claim and makes introduction essay, that this claim is well supported with textual evidence.

But when you read this essay back to yourself, you feel a profound sense of disappointment. Though you've followed your outline and everything is in there, the essay just doesn't seem to hold together. Descriptive Case. It could be that you have a problem with coherence. A lack of coherence is easy to luc godard essay diagnose, but not so easy to cure. An incoherent essay doesn't seem to flow. Its arguments are hard to descriptive study understand. The reader has to want to go double back again and again in order to follow the gist of the argument. Something has gone wrong. What?

Look for these problems in your paper: 1. Make sure that the grammatical subject of your sentences reflects the real subject of your paragraph. Go through your paragraph and underline the subjects of all your sentences. Descriptive Case. Do these subjects match your paragraph's subject in most cases? Or have you stuck the paragraph's subject into luc godard essay, some other, less important part of the sentences?

Remember: the reader understands an study, idea's importance according to where you place it. If your main idea is hidden as an object of a preposition in a subordinate clause, do you really think that your reader is going to follow what you are trying to say? 2. Judith Ortiz Cofer. Make sure that your grammatical subjects are consistent . Again, look at the grammatical subjects of all your sentences. How many different subjects do you find? If you have too many different sentence subjects, your paragraph will be hard to follow. (Note: For the fun of it, underline the case, sentence subjects in paragraph one. You'll find three, more or less: you, the subject, and the reader. The relationship between the s interviews, three is what this paragraph is all about.

Accordingly, the paragraph is coherent.) 3. Make sure that your sentences look backward as well as forward. In order for a paragraph to be coherent, each sentence should begin by linking itself firmly to the sentence that came before. Descriptive Case. If the link between sentences does not seem firm, use an introductory clause or phrase to connect one idea to the other. 4. Follow the principle of jean luc godard moving from old to new.

If you put the old information at the beginning of the sentence, and the new information at the end, you accomplish two things. First, you ensure that your reader is on solid ground: she moves from the familiar to the unknown. Case. Second, because we tend to give emphasis to what comes at the end of a sentence, the reader rightfully perceives that the new information is more important than the old. 5. Use repetition to create a sense of unity. Repeating key words and phrases at appropriate moments will give your reader a sense of coherence in judith cofer more essays, your work. Don't overdo it, however. You'll risk sounding redundant. 6. Use transition markers wisely. Case Study. Sometimes you'll need to announce to your reader some turn in essays, your argument. Or you'll want to emphasize one of your points.

Or you'll want to make clear some relationship in time. In all these cases you'll want to use transition markers. Here are some examples: To show place - above, below, here, there, etc. To show time - after, before, currently, during, earlier, later, etc. To give an example - for example, for instance, etc. To show addition - additionally, also, and, furthermore, moreover, equally important, etc. To show similarity - also, likewise, in descriptive study, the same way, similarly, etc.

To show an exception - but, however, nevertheless, on the other hand, on the contrary, yet, etc. To show a sequence - first, second, third, next, then, etc. To emphasize - indeed, in fact, of course, etc. Judith Ortiz Cofer More. To show cause and effect - accordingly, consequently, therefore, thus, etc. Study. To conclude or repeat - finally, in conclusion, on the whole, in want to go to italy, the end, etc. Introductions and conclusions are among the most challenging of all paragraphs. Why? Because introductions and conclusions must do more than simply state a topic sentence and offer support.

Introductions and conclusions must synthesize and provide context for your entire argument, and they must also make the descriptive, proper impression on your reader. Your introduction is your chance to get your reader interested in your subject. Accordingly, the tone of the essay, paragraph has to be just right. You want to inform, but not to the point of being dull; you want to case intrigue, but not to luc godard essay the point of being vague; you want to descriptive case study make a strong claim, but not to the point of judith ortiz cofer more alienating your reader. Descriptive. Pay attention to the nuances of your tone. Seek out luc godard a second reader if you're not sure that you've managed to get the descriptive, tone the way you want it. Equally important to the tone of the introduction is that your introduction needs to place your argument into makes introduction to an essay, some larger context. Some strategies follow: Announce your topic broadly, then declare your particular take. For example, if you are interested in case, talking about the narrator in Virginia Woolf's novels, you might 1) begin by makes a good essay, saying that Woolf's narrator has posed a problem for many of her critics; 2) provide a quick definition of the problem, as others have defined it; and 3) declare your thesis (which states your own position on the matter). Provide any background material important to your argument.

If you are interested in exploring how turn of the century Viennese morality influenced the work of Sigmund Freud, you will in your introduction want to descriptive provide the reader, in essay, broad strokes, a description of Vienna circa 1900. Descriptive. Don't include irrelevant details in your description; instead, emphasize those aspects of Viennese society (such as sexual mores) that might have most influenced Freud. Define key terms, as you intend to make use of them in a good to an essay, your argument. If, for example, you are writing a philosophy paper on the nature of reality, it is case study, absolutely essential that you define the term for introduction your reader. Descriptive Case Study. How do you understand the term reality, in what introduction to an, the context of this paper? Empirically?

Rationally? Begin with a definition of terms, and from there work towards the declaration of your argument. Sometimes you will find a terrific story or quotation that seems to reflect the main point of your paper. Don't be afraid to begin with it. Be sure, however, that you tie that story or quotation clearly and immediately to the main argument of descriptive case your paper. When you are writing a paper about a matter that is controversial, you might wish to begin by jean essay, summarizing the point of view of your adversaries. Then state your own position in opposition to theirs.

In this way you place yourself clearly in the ongoing conversation. Be careful, though: you don't want to make too convincing a case for the other side. Remember: your introduction is the first impression your argument will make on your reader. Take special care with your sentences so that they will be interesting. Also, take the time to consider who your readers are and what background they will bring with them to their reading. Study. If your readers are very knowledgeable about the subject, you will not need to provide a lot of to italy background information.

If your readers are less knowledgeable, you will need to be more careful about defining your terms. Finally, you might want to consider writing your introduction AFTER you've written the rest of your paper. Many writers find that they have a better grip on their subject once they've done their first draft. This better grip helps them to craft an descriptive case, introduction that is term, sure-footed, persuasive, interesting, and clear. (Note: Any changes that you make to an introduction and/or thesis statement will affect the paper that follows. Descriptive Study. Simply adding the more, new introductory paragraph will not produce a coherent paper.) Conclusions are also difficult to write.

How do you manage to make the reader feel persuaded by what you've said? Even if the points of descriptive case your paper are strong, the overall effect of your argument might fall to pieces if the paper as a whole is badly concluded. Many students end their papers by simply summarizing what has come before. A summary of what the reader has just read is important to the conclusion - particularly if your argument has been complicated or has covered a lot of ground. But a good conclusion will do more. Just as the introduction sought to place the paper in the larger, ongoing conversation about the perfect term paper, topic, so should the conclusion insist on descriptive returning the introduction essay, reader to that ongoing conversation, but with the feeling that they have learned something more. You don't want your reader to finish your paper and say, So what? Admittedly, writing a conclusion isn't easy to do. Many of the strategies we've listed for improving your introductions can help you to improve your conclusions as well. In your conclusion you might: Return to the ongoing conversation , emphasizing the importance of study your own contribution to it.

Consider again the personal statement, background information with which you began, and illustrate how your argument has shed new light on that information. Return to the key terms and point out how your essay has added some new dimension to their meanings. Case. Use an anecdote or quotation that summarizes or reflects your main idea. Jean. Acknowledge your opponents - if only to emphasize that you've beaten them. Remember: language is descriptive study, especially important to a conclusion. Your goal in your final sentences is to personal leave your ideas resounding in your reader's mind. Give her something to think about.

Make your language ring.

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1996 Apush Dbq Essays and Research Papers. A.P. United States History Dr. Parsons 1/3/2012 DBQ 1996 Question: In what ways and to what extent did constitutional . and social developments between 1860 and 1877 amount to descriptive, a revolution? Doc A: South Carolina declaration of Causes of Secession, Dec.

24, 1860. Evidence: Interpretation of the 10th Amendment--…powers not prohibited to federal govt nor prohibited to states are reserved to the states, or people. Inference: Challenges Article 4, section 4 and to an essay, Article 6, section 2; assumes. Abraham Lincoln , American Civil War , Jim Crow laws 605 Words | 3 Pages. APUSH DBQ Lexus Weigand 3/3/14 From 1875 to 1900, there was a new kind of city in America, one that was based on . industry, and industry needs workers. The factories needed hundreds of workers to run machinery and other processes in manufacturing, but these workers were not treated properly and they wanted to do something to improve the way that they were treated. The organized labor, although it showed some minor successes, was overall very unsuccessful in descriptive case study improving the position of workers.

History of the United States , Homestead Strike , Industrial unionism 962 Words | 3 Pages. Judith Ortiz Room Essays. ?Jack Magill APUSH /Period 4 18 November 2014 The Jacksonian Rule The 1820’s in descriptive case study the United States saw a presidential election won on ortiz cofer more essays, a . “corrupt bargain”, a Yankee Misfit in descriptive study office, and the end of the era of judith room Good Feelings; the United States was desperate for descriptive case, a fresh new face to jean, take office and restore power to the people. Descriptive Study. Andrew Jackson and his comrades did what they believed in, what they thought was necessary to uphold the use of the constitution to guide the administration and give power to the. Why I Essay. Andrew Jackson , Federal government of the United States , Georgia 1423 Words | 5 Pages. DBQ #1 When first founded, The New England and Chesapeake colonies were both very similar because of their English heritage and their . mission to descriptive case study, survive in judith ortiz cofer more room the new world in which they had landed. Study. Throughout the 1600’s the immigrants of the two regions longed for a new and perfect term paper, better life escaping religious persecution, poverty, and case study, political tyranny. Although their initial goals were the same, the two regions evolved into two very different and unique societies by the 1700’s based off of their social.

Massachusetts , Massachusetts Bay Colony , New England 1402 Words | 4 Pages. Personal Example. DBQ - New England VS the case, Chesapeake Colonies Although New England and the Chesapeake region were both settled by why i want essay, people of case English origin, by perfect term, . Descriptive Case. 1700 the regions had evolved into two distinct societies. There were social, political, and economic differences between the two regions. The main reason as to why this development occurred was that the Chesapeake concentrated on obtaining wealth whereas New England had strong religious beliefs. With different goals in mind, the two regions separated due. England , Government , Greater London 902 Words | 3 Pages. Carson Mayes DBQ APUSH During the election of 1800, Jefferson ran for the Democratic-Republic party. His philosophy on . Judith. government had always been to have a strict interpretation of the Constitution along with the strong belief in descriptive study state rights over a strong central government that his opposing Federalist party wanted.

His beliefs on a frugal and limited government, reduced army and navy, and the repeal of taxes were all issues that helped maintain his philosophy of government as well as. Want To Go Essay. Alexander Hamilton , Alien and Sedition Acts , Federalism 880 Words | 3 Pages. Ollie Cunningham APUSH per. 5 October 31, 2010 Civil War and Reconstruction DBQ The United States Civil War was one of . America’s darkest hours of nationhood, but resulted in new rights and liberties for case, African Americans and revolutionized the United States for the better. The war resulted in the freedom of what introduction black slaves, and called for a complex reunification procedure to rejoin the depleted South and the high spirited North.

Constitutional and social developments during the Civil War and. Abraham Lincoln , American Civil War , Democratic Party 842 Words | 3 Pages. 2003 AP US DBQ The Progressive Era was a twenty year period, between 1900 and descriptive study, 1920, of much change in the U.S. Many Americans would begin . to stand up for what they believed was right. This would lead to a number of reforms to help improve American life. Want. Laws passed under Presidents Roosevelt, Taft, and Wilson, would dramatically change this country all the way into the present time. Case Study. As industry became a large part of cofer more room urban America, many citizens were oppressed. Descriptive Case. Unfair and unsanitary conditions. African American , Democracy , Franklin D. Roosevelt 973 Words | 3 Pages. ? APUSH Document-Based Question #3 British rule over its American colonies was selfish and unfair.

They were over to go to italy essay three thousand miles away, . ruling from afar. Study. Britain used the judith cofer more room essays, colonies to get ahead economically and didn’t care what happened to the colonies. They taxed the colonists and passed laws that the colonists believed infringed on their human rights of freedom. Many people believe that the Revolutionary War was a result of descriptive case study social and judith ortiz essays, political differences and controversies. However, the. American Revolutionary War , British Empire , Colonialism 736 Words | 3 Pages. 990 DBQ Jackson’s followers were common men who believed in the rights for the lower and working classes, strict interpretation of the . constitution,and democracy instead of a republic. Many of his followers were inspired when Jackson rose from little education and social opportunity and case study, took President, and they knew he would protect their rights and fight for the “Common man ,” instead of the elite. Supporters and followers of jean Andrew Jackson believed they were the descriptive, guardians of the Constitution. Democracy , Second Bank of the s interviews, United States , Social class 789 Words | 3 Pages. 2002 AP DBQ In the years following the War of 1812, the “Era of Good Feelings” evolved between the case, years 1815 and 1825.

In the first half of . this period, there was a strong sense of nationalism throughout the United States. Luc Godard Essay. However, political changes and economic differences between the states warped this nationalism into the sectionalism that divided the country into north, south and west regions. Celebrations of unity within the United States soon turned into disagreements concerning representation. American Civil War , Louisiana , Maryland 1460 Words | 4 Pages. 9/30/14 A.P. U.S. Study. History . 240-01 1993 DBQ In the 17th century, all of the 13 colonies in America were under British rule and shared the same religion, culture, language, and origin. By 1700, different colonial regions were developing different societies. Motivational, economical, and political.

Connecticut , Massachusetts , Middle Colonies 923 Words | 3 Pages. ?James Dougherty APUSH Period 1 Mr. Young “p2406From 1781 to 1940 s interviews essays, 1789 the p2407Articles of descriptive Confederation provided the perfect term, United States with an . effective government. Descriptive Case Study. Using the documents and your knowledge of the what a good introduction to an essay, period, evaluate this statement. From 1781 up until 1789 the United States government was based off of the principles of the Articles of study Confederation which were created after the Revolutionary War. The articles of confederation created a republic which limited its leaders from much of. Articles of room essays Confederation , Federal government of the United States , President of the United States 1147 Words | 4 Pages. ?Krista Angeliadis 12/17/14 APUSH Period 8 The era from 1860 to 1877 was a time of . reconstruction and revolution in America.

Many constitutional developments aided the case, reform movement, such as the ratification of the 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments, which granted African Americans voting and personal example, civil rights. Though these changes seemed like a step in the right direction, social values such as white supremacy didn’t allow things to go as planned. Despite. Case Study. African American , Black people , Jim Crow laws 1031 Words | 4 Pages. Chapter 10 DBQ The ratification of the constitution in 1788 did not end the debate over the nature and functions of the statement example, . government. Majors concerns arose from the ratification mainly involving too much federal power and not enough rights for African Americans. Though the constitution had many critics, I believe that constitution was fundamentally sound but just in need of minor adjustments.

In the constitution slaves were given freedom, they just needed citizenship rights. Study. Another. Federal government of the United States , President of the United States , Thomas Jefferson 871 Words | 3 Pages. answer be sure to a good, address the political, social, and economic effects of the Revolution in the period from 1775 to descriptive case study, 1800. Notes from Mr. Williams: This . essay was g iven to 2 nd period APUSH on their first in - class essay.

Included were 10 documents (if interested in seeing them, please come into class). The DBQ writer needed to take ideas and topics from the documents, and ADD significant outside fact and analysis. Notice that this writer does a complete job. He/she deals with the entire question. American Revolution , American Revolutionary War , Nationalism 259 Words | 2 Pages. ? APUSH – DBQ’s SINCE 1995 1995 – Analyze the changes that occurred during the 1960’s in the goals, strategies, and support of the movement . for African-American civil rights. 1996 – In what ways and to what extent did constitutional and social developments between 1860 and 1877 amount to a revolution?

1997 – To what extent did economic and political developments as well as assumptions about the nature of women affect the position of American women during the 1940, period 1890-1925? 1998 – With respect. American Revolution , Cold War , Democratic Party 529 Words | 2 Pages. From the start of the Civil War until the end of the Reconstruction period, America faced what can be considered a revolution. During this time, many social . and constitutional developments emerged and brought great change to the country. Descriptive Case Study. Social developments that contributed to statement essay example, the revolution were the Freedmen’s Bureau, the case study, Ku Klux Klan, and the Black Codes. Constitutional events that sparked dispute were the three civil rights bills, the Emancipation Proclamation, and the reconstruction. Between. Abraham Lincoln , American Civil War , Ku Klux Klan 851 Words | 3 Pages. Perfect. Albert Moncada Jr. Ms.

Oberman AP U.S. History, Period 6 2 February 2012 APUSH DBQ Reform movements in the United States . from 1825-1850 greatly benefited to expand democratic ideals that shape our nation today, but they also limited the expansion with some reforms. Reform movements took place in the North to fight off the forced labor and cruelty of slavery, and throughout the states, religious revivals and women rights movements arose. These reform movements expanded the democratic ideals by. Democracy , Frederick Douglass , Human rights 729 Words | 2 Pages. Descriptive. DBQ Essay Chesapeake Colonies vs. New England Colonies The English had no desire to jean essay, colonize the new world prior to defeating the Spanish . Armada. However, once they defeated the Spanish in 1588, thus ending Spanish colonization, the English became the rulers of the Atlantic and a newly found patriotism flourished in England.

The English had tried desperately to colonize the new world, failing two times before succeeding in Jamestown, Virginia, one of the Chesapeake Bay colonies. The northern most. Descriptive. British America , Chesapeake Bay , Colonialism 856 Words | 3 Pages. DBQ The American Revolution changed the American society between 1775-1800. The areas in the American society that were changed were . economical, political, and social. Want To Go Essay. ways. The new country had to set up their own government and deal with the problems that came along with it since it was inexperienced. Case Study. That brought problems between the what a good to an, society and political side. Native Americans and women had their own concerns and opinions.

Therefore, the case, American Revolution changed the American Society. ‘ . American Revolution , Articles of statement essay Confederation , John Adams 386 Words | 2 Pages. Adams, Jefferson, Madison, and Monroe Newman Schmalbach: Chapters 5 (pg 83) -8 QUIZ DATES (subject to change) Chapter 6 (and part of 5): Tuesday, . October 15 EXAM DATES Chapter 7: Tuesday, October 22 Chapter 8/9: Wednesday, October 30 Unit 2 DBQ : Monday October 28-Tuesday, October 29 Unit 2.1 IDs: Friday, October 25 Unit 2.2 IDs: Monday, November 4 Unit 2 Multiple Choice: Wednesday, November 6 Unit 2 Essay: Thursday, November 7 1. Which of the descriptive study, social changes brought about by the Revolution. American Revolution , Articles of Confederation , Native Americans in the United States 558 Words | 2 Pages. I have been asked to speak on the question how to statement essay example, make the best of life, but may as well confess at once that I know nothing about study, it. I cannot think that I . Jean. have made the best of my own life, nor is it likely that I shall make much better of what may or may not remain to me. I do not even know how to descriptive case, make the best of the personal essay example, twenty minutes that your committee has placed at my disposal, and as for life as a whole, who ever yet made the best of such a colossal opportunity by conscious effort and deliberation.

Afterlife , Consciousness , Death 2360 Words | 6 Pages. The colonies in New England were settled by a group of descriptive separatists called the Puritans, which were a tightly knitted community based on strong faith. . This community of example New England Puritans influenced religious liberties, education, and obedience in the colonies from the 1630's-1660's by relating them to case study, their religious morals and beliefs. Personal Example. ` As the Puritans began forming their governments and rules, much of descriptive case New England was just beginning to be settled. Although in document E the makes introduction, Puritans. Christianity , Freedom of religion , God 869 Words | 3 Pages. ? DBQ In the time period 1925 – 1950 Chinese peasants, and Chinese created a bad relationship with each other. Peasants were stronger than the . Chinese Communist party supported by documents one, five, and six, peasants were the prime target for attacks instead of the Chinese Communist party supported by documents four, eight, and nine, and the peasants were more willing to descriptive case study, fight the Japanese while the Chinese Communist party was not so willing supported by documents two, and three. Peasants and the. Chen Duxiu , Chinese Civil War , Communism 828 Words | 3 Pages. ?Ariana Biagioni DBQ : Topic A: The Ancient Near East November 24, 2013 Professor Goldman During the time of Dynasty 18 in Egypt, many . religious, economic, and social connections were created amongst the various regions in the Near East.

In these regions, new groups of judith cofer essays people, religions, and empires were formed. The Near East helped surface civilization. It established centralized governments, law codes, and writing systems. The Ancient Near Eastern Empires introduced the methods of descriptive study agriculture. Ancient Near East , Assyria , Babylon 1120 Words | 4 Pages. APUSH - Cornwell FEB 16-24, 2011 1. INDUSTRIAL AMERICA in the LATE NINETEENTH CENTURY • Corporate consolidation of industry • . Judith Ortiz. Effects of technological development on the worker and workplace • Labor and unions • National politics and influence of corporate power • Migration and immigration: changing face of the nation • Proponents and opponents of the new order (e.g. Descriptive Case. “Social Darwinism and Social Gospel”) AMSCO pp. 333-347 (CH 17) EV pp. 543-573 (CH 18) ESSENTIAL.

Capitalism , Chinese Exclusion Act , Collective bargaining 495 Words | 4 Pages. Kevin Li 1994 DBQ APUSH To what extent was late 19th century and jean luc godard essay, early 20th century US expansionism a continuation of past US . expansionism and to what extent was it a departure? Over the years the case study, United States expansionism has experienced many different changes. The United States has expanded for many different reasons such as the economy, land, and even God. Expansionism is now a continuation of past United States expansionism but was more so a departure. The United States. Atlantic Ocean , Manifest Destiny , Monroe Doctrine 680 Words | 2 Pages. APUSH DBQ ESSAY From 1775 to 1830, the United States gained their independence and 1940 essays, began their formation of descriptive a new country. . During this period, the ideas of the Revolutionary War had an influence on the African Americans.

A number of African Americans were freed but the institution of slavery spread due to social and economic reasons. Both the free African Americans and enslaved confronted and essays, endure the challenges they faced as they fought for rights and equality. Study. The Revolutionary War was a. African American , American Civil War , Black people 712 Words | 2 Pages. APUSH : DBQ ­ 1st Semester Final DISCLAIMER: This is NOT the only way to do this essay, don’t take any of this as gospel. We . are people.

If you disagree, go ahead and do it your way. That will work too. We are not responsible for your essay, that is your job. We are simply here to get a headstart. What is a good needed for a better DBQ ? more analysis beyond the basic information from the documents. ? look at relationships (this caused what to happen or emerge as a result of. ) even if the DBQ doesn't ask you to. Abraham Lincoln , American Civil War , Andrew Jackson 757 Words | 3 Pages. AP United States History Test Answer Explanations: 1996 1. The principal motivation for drafting the Bill of Rights was the desire to: . Protect rights not specified in descriptive case the Constitution. Term Paper. The correct answer (B) was chosen by 93% of test takers.

2. Which of the following statements about the “American System” is correct? It was designed to meet the descriptive study, nation’s need for economic progress and self-sufficiency. The correct answer (D) was chosen by 70% of test takers. 3. In 1861. American Revolution , American Revolutionary War , Thirteen Colonies 2850 Words | 11 Pages. Why I Want Essay. Kibby 1 Pierce Kibby Thursday, February 28, 2013 Expansionism DBQ APUSH Expansionism Throughout American . history, growth has always been present in industry, economics, technology and many other fronts. This of course began when the first European settlers of descriptive America came from why i to go, England.

The most important growth our country has undergone is the growth of size. Starting at a few settlements and evolving into descriptive case study a world power in just a few hundred years illustrates the rate at which. Great power , Louisiana Purchase , Military 925 Words | 3 Pages. Colonial America before 1763 (Brinkley- Ch. Jean Luc Godard Essay. 1-3) Mrs.

Hedley- APUSH Unit I: Overview Overview of the descriptive study, Time Period: This unit focuses on the . settlement of the New World and early colonial history. It was during this time period that the original thirteen colonies were founded and began to essays, evolve into three distinct areas divided by diverse cultural, economic, religious, political, and social differences = SECTIONALISM. Your Objectives: 1. To become familiar with the people, places, and events. Case Study. British Empire , British North America , Colonial history of the United States 1135 Words | 7 Pages. APUSH 29 November 2012 Slavery DBQ At the end of the Revolutionary war against judith ortiz essays Great Britain, the United States of study America . was created as an independent country. Thus began the roots of an entirely new American identity. Taking influence from its former mother countries, the United States began its own system of representative government. Furthermore, the American identity, shaped in the early years of 1775 to 1830, incorporated the ideals of agrarian farming, laissez-faire economic standpoint. American Civil War , American Revolutionary War , Native Americans in the United States 944 Words | 3 Pages.

Paige Reinfeld Jacksonian DBQ The uproar of the people of the U.S. was heard after the corrupted elections of 1824. It wasn’t until 1828, . the year the Jacksonians came into power and statement essay, satisfied the descriptive, popular demand after a mudslinging battle against the aristocrats. Personal Essay. The Jacksonian Democrats claimed they were guardians of the Constitution, political democracy, individual liberties, and equal economic opportunity, but the 1820’s and 1830’s put those claims to descriptive case, the test. Why I To Italy Essay. The Jacksonian Democrats claimed. Andrew Jackson , Democracy , Democratic Party 599 Words | 2 Pages. xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx Period 1 15 April, 2013 Mrs. Nelson Civil Rights Take Home DBQ In the case, years before the 60’s, the essay, African Americans . living all over the country were treated as less than every white person because of their skin color and their historical background of slavery and servitude. During the era of the 1960’s, the African Americans and part of the white community fought for equal civil rights. Average Americans, Black and White, stood up against the opposing population to voice their.

African American , Black people , John F. Kennedy 576 Words | 2 Pages. Jimmy Herrmann APUSH DBQ Essay Mrs. Rudolph The immediate years after the descriptive case study, Civil War, 1860-1877, saw the United States . through a revolution. Reform movements and changing states of mind among the American people contributed to the revolution with regards to constitutional and social aspects of life at luc godard essay, that time. The passage of Civil Rights Legislation such as the 13th, 14th, and 15th amendments; and, ironically, the KKK and case study, other social events helped with the reform. Alone these things couldn’t. African American history , American Civil War , COINTELPRO 585 Words | 2 Pages. Luc Godard Essay. 1991 DBQ In the aftermath of study World War I, during the years 1917-1921, President Wilson advocated the Treaty of Versailles, which called for . the principle of self-determination, the formation of a League of Nations, and general amnesty towards Germany, as the essays, solution for peace.

However, his unwillingness to compromise led to widespread disagreement. The opposition forces in the U.S. senate consisted of the descriptive study, reservationists, who were willing to s interviews essays, ratify the Treaty of Versailles with amendments, and. Central Powers , League of Nations , Paris Peace Conference, 1919 671 Words | 2 Pages. DBQ During the 1800s, the United States more than tripled in size, covering the entire width of the descriptive case, continent. Throughout this period, they . united states acquired land through several different methods including the Louisiana purchase of 1803, the war of 1812, the to go, trail of tears, the Mexican cession, and the compromise of 1850. Each of which came with its own group of supporters and opponents with different reasons of why or why not. However, every debate ultimately led to the United States government’s. Andrew Jackson , Louisiana , Louisiana Purchase 781 Words | 2 Pages. Zack Seldes 2000 DBQ The Second Industrial Revolution skyrocketed with new inventions and machines and changed how factories and jobs were . worked. As the industries grew, so did the descriptive, need for unions among the workers.

To a minimal degree, the unions were successful in very tiny things but not enough to paper, improve the descriptive, overall position of the why i want, worker. They were not highly successful, as they would be defeated and have to go back to square one. The ruthless determination of descriptive study big business to shut down. Perfect Term Paper. Capitalism , Collective bargaining , Employment 667 Words | 2 Pages. During the 1600s, British citizens left England and began settling in the Chesapeake and case, New England regions, yet these regions developed differently. . Jean Luc Godard Essay. Migrants came to the New World with distinct motives that, in effect made the regions develop differently; the New Englanders came in descriptive case study search of religious freedom while the Chesapeake settlers came in to go search of case study economic prosperity. The New Englanders search for religious freedom caused them to develop a diverse economy, societies with tightly bound.

England , Human migration , Massachusetts 1052 Words | 3 Pages. Morgan Ridley APUSH Gold 11/7/14 John Marshall as Chief Justice . America is in example a time of governmental crisis between the Federal and State governments, and under one branch, the line between these is dictated by constitutionality. John Marshall the chief justice under the legislative branch of the united states ruled over many cases which established precedents for national supremacy over states rights, defined the roles of the Supreme Court and study, Congress, and provided the constitutional foundation for . Federal government of the makes a good introduction, United States , President of the United States , Supreme Court of the United States 725 Words | 2 Pages. Case Study. AP US History DBQ Essay Even though the loyalist opposed the American Revolution, Patriots wanted to ortiz more, create a nation with equality and a . complete different society compared to the Great Britain (Doc B). Descriptive Case Study. They expressed the importance of people’s rights, economic strength, and freedom for every citizen. However, the American Revolution did not meet the perfect term paper, needs and hopes that they had expected; they have suffered from economic instability, failed to control their alliances with other countries, political. American Revolution , Articles of Confederation , Native Americans in the United States 689 Words | 2 Pages. Booker T. Washington and W.E.B. Du Bois offered different strategies for dealing with the problems of case poverty and discrimination faced by Black Americans at . the end of the nineteenth and the beginning of the twentieth centuries. Using the documents and statement, your knowledge of the descriptive case, period 1877-1915, assess the appropriateness of essay example each of these strategies in case study the historical context in which each was developed.

In reference to the years between 1877 and 1915, I assessed that, based on 1940 s interviews essays, between each of. African American , Black people , Negro 1318 Words | 4 Pages. For many years before the descriptive, actual Revolutionary War, the Americans and ortiz cofer essays, the British already had built up grievances and hate between each other. Some may argue . with such tension, war was inevitable. In the famous Declaration of Independence, the Americans not only declared their freedom but also included a list of their grievances addressed to King George III. The events leading to these accusations explain the complaints leveled against study the King and prove their validity. One of the charges against. American Revolution , Benjamin Franklin , Boston Tea Party 1479 Words | 4 Pages. The Labor Movement generated opposition from both the personal, government and the public since them both saw unions as violent and lawless.

The government used force . to control the unions showing their disgust for descriptive, the views and actions of these organizations. What Makes Introduction To An Essay. Well- organized and study, growing businesses took the advantage in the struggle with labor, so the workers started labor unions. The very first labor union, The National Labor Union was started in 1866. This union lasted for six years and had 600,000 members. American Railway Union , Employment , Eugene V. Debs 930 Words | 3 Pages. What Makes To An Essay. ?A Discourse to case, Promote Colonization (1584) 1. Hakluyt’s arguments for colonization included agricultural use of the land, spread of their religion, easy to . travel to (for trade), it would increase money in the economy because they would stop trade with other countries, they could increase their realm with their wealth that they earn from colonization of America, and they could defeat their enemies with their new found wealth. Some of the arguments are more persuasive the others after four hundred. Native Americans in the United States 1613 Words | 5 Pages. Ganigan, Li, Wong 1 Anastasiya Li, Kaili Ganigan, Vanessa Wong Miss Conner AP US History 10 December 2014 . Historians have traditionally labeled the period after the War of 1812 the “Era of Good Feelings.” Evaluate the accuracy of introduction this label, considering the emergence of case nationalism and sectionalism. To Go To Italy. Use the documents and your knowledge of the period 1815­1825 to descriptive, construct your answer.

The Era of Good Feelings, which took place during James Monroe's two terms serving as President of the United States. Marxism 814 Words | 7 Pages. “From 1781 to 1789 the Articles of Confederation provided the United States with an effective government.” This statement is quite bold considering that the makes to an, . Articles lasted only descriptive case study, eight years. In some ways this form of why i to go government was effective and in some ways it was not. It did provide the descriptive case, newly formed American colonies with the means to govern themselves in the manner that they wished to be governed and set the example, rules for operations of the United States government. On the other hand, it was ineffective. Articles of Confederation , Massachusetts , Northwest Ordinance 832 Words | 3 Pages. Conflicts Between Great Britain and case, the North American Colonies During the 18th century, many conflicts arose between Great Britain and the North American . Judith Room Essays. colonies.

These conflicts are eventually what led to descriptive, the American Revolution. These tensions between Britain and the colonies were a combination of both economic interests, and political/social differences. Economic conflicts between the two included “The Navigation Law”, “The Sugar Act”, “The Stamp Act”, restrictions on trade, and more. Political. Essays. American Revolution , Boston Tea Party , British Empire 1147 Words | 4 Pages. The American Revolution shocked the world; no one had ever expected a small group of colonies to fight for and win their own independence from the seemingly . Descriptive Case Study. greatest and most omnipresent country on earth. Americans had worked for and thought about the moment of their freedom for years, and their sense of individuality ran deep. By the eve of the American Revolution, colonists in America had developed a strong sense of identity as Americans, but only somewhat of unity as a single country. In events. American Revolution , Benjamin Franklin , Boston Tea Party 969 Words | 3 Pages.

During the Washington, Adams, and Jefferson administrations (from 1776 to 1807) neutrality was America’s main foreign policy. In determining that neutrality . was the overall focus of perfect American diplomacy, one must assess the deviations from, as well as the success, of neutrality. Neutrality was originally implemented by case, George Washington in order to maintain the young country’s best interests. However, lapses in neutrality occurred when the government was forced to favor one foreign power, either Great. American Revolutionary War , Europe , George Washington 1401 Words | 4 Pages. ?Throughout America’s history, few things have left the nation in such controversial turmoil as the Vietnam War. To Go Essay. With an American death toll of almost . 60,000 troops, the Vietnam War has gone down in infamy as one of the most tremendous struggles Americans have faced both overseas and on the home front. Because of the tumultuous controversies caused by the war, Americans split into two social factions – those against the war and those who supported it. During the years of 1961-1975 - the era in. Cold War , Gerald Ford , John F. Descriptive Case Study. Kennedy 884 Words | 3 Pages.

Democracy on a Leash (Wethersfield DBQ) Connecticut. Above observation could not be brushed off as the comments from an Anglican clergyman, as the laws of ortiz cofer room essays 1770 clearly spell these. In essence, the . religious freedom was severely curtailed from descriptive case, 1750-1780. 1940 S Interviews. Source: ( DBQ ) Congregational church , Connecticut , Connecticut General Assembly 919 Words | 3 Pages. APUSH DBQ As World War II was coming to an end during 1945, the creation of one of the descriptive case study, most destructive weapons known to . humanity occurred within the United States.

This weapon, known as “the atomic bomb,” was used on the two Japanese cities: Hiroshima and Nagasaki, resulting in want to italy essay a death toll unprecedented by case, any military weapon used before and an immediate, unconditional surrender. 1940 Essays. Some historians believe President Truman decided to case study, drop the atomic bomb in order to intimidate the judith ortiz cofer room essays, Soviet Union whereas. Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki , Cold War , Franklin D. Roosevelt 949 Words | 3 Pages. ?Caleb Aleshire Mr. Miller APUSH February 2, 2015 Native Americans DBQ (1877-1900) In the late 1800s, Americans were continuing . to descriptive case study, expand Westward as they “worried that the Northeast was overpopulated and that, as a result, the country would face the same problems as Europe—class conflict, poverty, and urban ills” (Document I). From 1850 to 1890, the Native lands ceded went from 1940 essays, Midwest America to the Pacific Coast (Document A).

This presented a similar problem that they had faced in the past with. Dawes Act , Hawaii , Indigenous peoples of the Americas 998 Words | 4 Pages. Miki Zaganjor APUSH (Matson) 9/19/13 Era of case Good Feelings: DBQ The Era of Good Feelings: America's Glory Years In an . aftermath of the Napoleonic Wars, feuding powers across the nation, and a general chaos, the Era of Good Feelings marked a period in the political history of the United States that reflected a sense of 1940 national purpose and a desire for unity among Americans. In the case, era, the collapse and downfall of the Federalist party was seen, thus an end to the bitter partisan disputes. Luc Godard Essay. Democratic-Republican Party , Era of Good Feelings , Henry Clay 896 Words | 3 Pages. Sam Maney APUSH 10/24 Block C Both nationalism and sectionalism increased during the study, Era of personal statement example Good Feelings, however, nationalism became . of greater importance in economics and politics. Descriptive Case. This is shown in 1940 many documents from descriptive case study, this time period.

They talk about “Our Country” and the US as a whole instead of individual states. The documents also talk about “Us” not just states individually. Also about creating a “American System” and and American identity, which helps to prove nationalism was of. Economics , Free trade , Henry Clay 317 Words | 2 Pages. Bandie Ouch APUSH , Period 2 December 3, 2013 Chapter 13 Study Guide People/Terms: Seneca Falls Convention- A convention on July 19th and . 20th in the year of 1848 that discussed the social, civil and term paper, religious condition and rights of women. Study. This meet up was organized by men and women to boost the rights of personal essay example women. The main focus of this event was the Declaration of Sentiments. Declaration of Sentiments- Written at the Seneca Falls Convention to announce the rights women should have. It is modeled. Declaration of case Sentiments , Elizabeth Cady Stanton , Lucretia Mott 899 Words | 2 Pages.

Annotated DBQ Rubric: Buddhism in China Sample DBQ Question: Based on the following documents, analyze the responses to the . spread of Buddhism in China. What additional kind of document(s) would you need to evaluate the extent of Buddhism’s appeal in China? Point # Generic Description Explanation/ Commentary Examples and Commentary 1 Has acceptable thesis. Thesis addresses the why i to go essay, specific focus of the descriptive case study, question. The thesis should reflect a sophisticated understanding of the jean essay, complexities.

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colour purple essay This is all published freely on the internet by descriptive us to further the scene, not to give any seller undeserved credibility. We Do Not Authorise any Copying, Republishing or Quoting of any of luc godard essay our Sections on descriptive case, ebay, any sales sites or anywhere else. Record Info Contract Press pages: Original research, photos of perfect term paper our records text ©2017 by descriptive study select45rpm. PLEASE DO NOT EMAIL ASKING FOR FREE ADVICE. YOU'RE GETTING MORE ADVICE HERE THAN ANYWHERE ELSE, SO UNLESS YOU WANT TO PAY US TO RESEARCH SOMETHING, DON'T EXPECT ANYTHING MORE FOR FREE! Buying Vinyl today, or anything that makes more money than most similar items, you really do need to be sure you are actually buying the Original if you are paying a price that the Original would command. If you are only buying cheap records then it's unlikely you'll get any Fakes, but Where The Money Is Goes The Faker.

The amount of genuine reissues on different labels and numbers is also mixed with a large amount of repros that are now over 30 years old looking very similar to the real item, which are unlicensed bootlegs. Makes To An? Also the amount of new Bootleg copies of case rare 45s available seems to want to go to italy essay, grow every week the copyright owners aren't doing anything about it, so more are to come from varied sources. Some Official Licensed reissues may confuse too, so look for study text on the label to show they are. Only Comparing to known Real Ones will teach you. To the experienced buyer these stand out obviously as repros but you have to learn to spot real from a good to an essay, repro without wasting money when other bids may hint at case, an item being more than it is, and the Sheep Effect gains more bidders who think if others bid it must be right. Those other bidders may not really exist however. Judith Cofer Essays? One seller of study obvious (to us) Fake Beatles Demos relists them for a good introduction the third time in descriptive, late Nov 2013 after getting lots of judith cofer room essays bids on the previous outings, enough to case, trap the unwary be sure one will sell as an Xmas Gift to an unwary buyer. Only proves ebay don't care, so only perfect term paper you can safeguard your money from these parasites with fake items. See handle a lot of real original records.

Records aren't as around 'on the street' as much as they used to descriptive case, be, the easiest place is jean essay, likely a car boot sale just to find some junk 45s to learn from. Descriptive Case? A typical rare item, eg a ?300 50s London was issued amid Pat Boone records or a Major Lance Columbia was amid Ken Dodd 45s, so buy a cheap handful of those see what they are like. But you're not going to find many pre 1956 Sun 45s to compare your Elvis too confusingly each one looks different had variations in pressing! 60s Mod Psych collectors will see the UK biggies are mostly on big labels, so buying a Seekers or Walker Brothers hit cheaply will give you a good item to compare your prized 45 to. as a Reliable Reference to perfect, see what Original Records look like. We photo all our Stock out of the descriptive, sleeve. Why I Want To Go Essay? Note UK vinyl peculiarities like pronged centres, serrated raised rims on the label edge area ridges bumps in case study, the label area.

There are very few sellers who photo out of perfect paper sleeves our photo technique gives a good 3D idea of descriptive study what the makes a good introduction to an, vinyl looks like, especially on the darker labels. They were and are still usually openly sold as repros when new to case study, those who are into the music styles. Statement? But age of them lack of descriptive case study knowledge of their existance can confound even seasoned record buyers. The early repros from the early 70s of Rock Roll Doowop may now be aged looking as nearly 40 years old when the original is just 50 years old. But a repro is worth a fiver unless there is demand for it it's an personal example, early one. Big profits too: costs under ?1 each to press a few hundred copies with no royalties to case, pay. You as the buyer will likely get stung by buying a repro at some time, especially the personal statement essay example, Northern Soul scene where 95% of copies of Gloria Jones 'Tainted Love' (origs are on styrene with black labels a Delta number) and descriptive also Coasters 'Crazy Baby' (origs always have the term paper, AT notation on the vinyl can be either thick vinyl or styrene).

But if you are happy with a repro, and most are of good sound quality, then don't just avoid them because they are unofficial. The LP market is case, similar, but as card covers are involved, the personal statement essay example, cheaper quality lack of age smell on descriptive study, a supposed 30+ year old LP gives them away. Ortiz More Essays? There is case study, even a strange USA-looking repro of a UK London Skyliners track, which must be from 1979 when Art Garfunkel had a hit with 'Since I Don't Have You'. Other odd USA-looking repros of jean luc godard essay UK items are the Davy Jones King Bees Vocalion oddly the Southlanders on Decca. This is getting a bit too much now. One Top Rated Seller on ebay makes up Fake Demo Labels sticks them on descriptive, the Original Vinyl. ?12+ for a 10p print out a 25p scratchy record!

To those who know, these are obviously Fake but sadly you can be sure they will be passed off as Original by perfect term others as some have tried with the No-Centre bootlegs. Odds are a person buying one of these now or later will never be a collector but want a Rarity on the cheap and descriptive study never research what they are buying. All we can say is read this page carefully look at our Record Sales Pictures simply as an judith cofer, idea of what the Original Vintage Vinyl looks like. Why would anybody want these things? They are Rubbish. Descriptive Study? It is like those who buy Fake Rolex watches or Gucci Handbags, they think these fake things will impress people as unaware as they are. You can hear people in the Future saying It has a serrated edge the stamper numbers like the regular issue, it's worth a fortune! But naturally only judith essays those unaware of a proper Demo label, as these are Fakes are basically copying one, will not realise the Original Demo Labels were Pressed Into The Vinyl, not stuck on. Be careful out there folks if we get any, we'll smash them up as we have with similar Fake label on Original Vinyl jobs. There are even Fake Beatles Polydor Demos that use a Demo label from 1965 on case study, 1962-64. Now we had a genuine Polydor demo of 'Ain't She Sweet' another 1963 Polydor demo, so we know what they should look like.

Nothing like the jean essay, fakes. Are people stupid enough to stick Fake Demo labels on the original UK Polydor vinyl? Seems unlikely. It leads sadly to Fakes being offered as Genuine to descriptive case study, more casual buyers after a Historical Collectable, not real record collectors. They'll be conned. By the amount of these EMI must have made many dozens. In reality a Genuine Factory Sample you'd be lucky to perfect term paper, ever see 5-12 of ever as they were thrown away or used through time in descriptive case, low grade. Why I To Go? All we've seen are pathetic fakes with gummed labels soaked off others poorly glued on hiding tears writing by their awkward positioning. Looking at the bids, there is study, often an eager underbidder keeping interest alive yet they oddly never win.

If buyers believe these fake stickers stuck on genuine but label-damaged copies are worth ?200+ then it's their call, just wait until you try to sell the things. We see buyers willingly pay high prices for what a good to an fakes, repros bootlegs thinking they are real. The Vinyl is Original as is easy to see, but the foolish bidders are tricked with worthless gummed stickers. Caveat Emptor seems to descriptive study, be forgotten in the false excitement of bidding for want to go to italy a record probably only worth ?20-?50 once it's fake stickers are removed revealing tears writing. Love Me Do on 1962 Red Parlophone is a very common Top 20 record, Please Please Me is much harder to find but there are always lots of copies around. We saw some very obvious ones on ebay from a seller in 2013. Beatles Abbey Road Export LP a few Beatles Demos . All Fake scanned labels stuck onto descriptive study, common original vinyl. UK EMI labels are pressed with the vinyl, not glued on!

The Abbey Road was hand cut easy to spot it was fake, but sadly bidders only see a bargain and essay some gullible fool paid ?500+ for case study it! One Beatles Demo had two sets of serrated record edges, one on the real black label it was the other from the Fake label, slightly shrunk to what a good essay, stick in case study, the label space. EMI Demos usually have bigger labels that go beyond the serrated edge. The obvious untidily cut with a scalpel centre push out spaces means we spot it in a second. Yet if they were real they'd make high prices. Essays? Sadly the fakes sold for ?275 to ?500. Case? All hidden under Private listings which usually means fake bids to statement essay example, give it an air of authenticity. They had a Fake Stones Come On Demo too got ?250+ for it. Ebay clearly don't care as the guy relists the same ones again shortly after, third time now!

So why bother reporting the fakes? If you have ?100s to spend on Beatles Demos, do yourself a favour have a good look at all our label photos of other EMI Demos to see what a real one looks like. Another Fake with bids over descriptive study ?100 was Beatles 'From Me To You' typical UK vinyl with a Fake 'Dick James Music' demo label on. How exiting! How FAKE! These labels were only used on acetates so any bidder is as fake or gullible. It's annoying perhaps, but unlikely there are any real bidders (we hope). One seller of introduction Billy Fury items had a batch of perfectly genuine Demos Acetates, but we spotted one faked up Demo amid the real items. It sold. the buyer was happy with it as feedback proves as they bought several others with it. Oh well. Go buy a cheap one of a far less wanted artist see what a Real Demo looks like.

Beyond that, you are really on your own. to buy these items on case, ebay is as trustworthy as buying a Rolex or a Gucci handbag. Why I To Italy? Well faked up. Always a problem on existing Rare picture sleeves, but over the last few years, there are an increasing amount of Fake Fantasy picture sleeves turning up on ebay. Case Study? In reality you can see they are modern, but on ebay people believe vague descriptions or no description pay high for fake goods. These look instantly wrong to personal essay example, one who knows the scene with things not looking right, but with there being Export Picture sleeves in Europe with UK vinyl inside, people are too willing to descriptive case, believe. One we've seen as a Fake multiple times is a Diana Dors 1960 Pye one,. How anyone thinks that looks real beggars belief, bad typeface, not a good picture cheaply printed, but a ?10 record sells for a high price.

Similar Fake Billy Fury sleeves appear be sure many Beatles Elvis similarly. We saw with Coins years ago that High Value items were being recreated sold as Replicas. It's just how any market is be sure many unaware buyers have bought non-Original items. Judith Ortiz More Room Essays? Fantasy Items means an item that never existed but is descriptive case study, faked up to appear Original amid other items. The possibilities are endless these started in the 1970s with Beatles David Bowie fakes that oddly now are collected for being early Fakes. S Interviews? But to descriptive, the collector, they know exactly what they are. There are some titles that so often get passed off as originals. If buyer doesn't bother to check, then it's their choice. The most common bootlegs-repros that look old as 1970s ones are Gloria Jones-Tainted Love on blue-green Champion Barbara Mills Queen Of Fools on fake USA Hickory using UK style lettering but with a USA type large centre. But two we see that make high prices are more worrying.

The Coasters Crazy Baby has more than one Bootleg that gets sold as an original, the Originals are thick East Coast Pressings or Styrene West Coast ones but always have groove markings like other Atlantic-Atco 45s, easy to compare easy to mark them in so we'll not say. The originals are Hifi quality the judith ortiz more essays, Bootlegs sound rough. Case Study? Another we often see sold as Original is The Vibrations-Cause You're Mine . The original Epic is a white-red Promo or a Yellow issue with Narrow Tall Print. The one we see making big money is an early 1970s Repressing with Stereo on the label , it's status is like the statement essay example, Okeh ones with 'small 45rpm' is is official product with stamped numbers but an early 1970s pressing to cope with the huge demand for certain 45s. Descriptive Case Study? No-one wonders why they are always Mint? Buyers think the Mono 45 with Stereo 1970s wider print is real in ortiz cofer more room, July 2015 insanely pay ?180-?200+ for a repressing! Other 1970s Bootlegs passed off as originals because they have Stamped Matrix Numbers are The Fuller Brother-Time's A Wasting Lorenzo Manley-Swoop Down On You.

But the descriptive case, poor sound quality gives it away to find a genuine stock copy of Lorenzo one we've only seem Bootlegs, if the white Promos are real. The Fullers one has a totally different label design to the original there are enough sites detailing the original on glossy RCA type pressings. These are neatly machine etched like an judith cofer more essays, engraving machine with thin letters like UK EMI Parlophone, Columbia, Philips Stateside, Decca, London, Pye etc or thick letters like 1965 era Sue, Island etc. USA vinyl is similar. Some are stamped like Philips, Fontana etc. There is usually a style that is typical to the era, eg Island started with Stamped numbers in 1962, they were thick machine etched in descriptive case study, 1964, the what a good to an, 1966-68 white reggae series were thin machine etched the pink 1967 era onwards were machine stamped. The number in the run out area usually relates to a matrix number on study, the vinyl. But to understand this, buy a box of cheap 50s 60s vinyl and learn what there is. Some matrix numbers show in perfect term paper, our Record Sales photos as we photo out of the sleeve.

But be aware there is no 100% rule, some 1965 UK Polydor have hand etched numbers, some are more confusing like USA early 1950s RCA with DJ copies often hand etched, but Stock copies that are machine stamped. Case? Many post 1970 UK records are handwritten, eg Pye changed from machine etched to handwritten in the early 1970s. USA vinyl is 1940 s interviews, usually handwritten again East Coast (vinyl) West Coast (styrene) pressed copies can vary as some are stamped others not. Only by descriptive seeing original vinyl of 'worthless' artists on a similar era label will you be able to tell all the signs an what a good essay, item is real or not. Descriptive Case Study? If you are buying Demos of name artists as artifacts, be sure 9/10 Beatles Demos on ebay in 2013 are fake, though no-one will fake a Ken Dodd demo, so buy one to see what it looks like. and can spot reissues later pressings with ease. We collected USA vinyl in several genres at one time so are aware of jean those that got reissued or bootlegged. You can be sure we can tell it's an Original. The Beatles 45s were reissued repressed many times, if not always constantly available in study, between.

These records were repressed with the statement example, style of label etc that was the descriptive case study, standard at the time of term repress. A 4th pressing of an study, LP is often sold as an Original, just like in books certain 1940s Annuals with ISBN codes are sold as originals, but ISBN codes only began in 1966. In years to come, records with barcodes that first appeared mid 80s will be passed off as 60s or 70s originals unaware people will believe it! like any sweeping statements there will be exceptions, but this will help weed out fake 45s even LPs. A fake or repro 45 of essay example any track is descriptive, worth ?6-10 unless that repro itself has got established as a collectable in luc godard, it's own right, ie the issued 1973 dated Mariano 1950s RR and RB USA 45s plenty of Northern Soul. Only you can decide what a non genuine item is descriptive, worth. No Bootleg or 'Repro' is personal, worth more than ?6-8 unless there is a known collector demand for the Repro. Azie Lawrence new bootleg for ?30 is an descriptive case, insult! Some late 1960s-early 1970s bootlegs of Soul Rockabilly are now collected in their own right, especially if the original is unfindable usually highly priced. to describe any record some amateur has: eg 1954 London Slim Whitman on to italy, round centre with a silver top could be a 6th pressing, yet it'll still be called a rare 1st pressing. Prince Buster 'Al Capone' on the beige label is a 1972 press, not the Original often touted.

Most issues are on dark blue, but with it being a 1965 record belatedly becoming a chart hit in 1967, only an expert can pick out the 1st 1965 press from the 1967 one! Similar with The Skatalites 'Guns Of Navarone'. Fake Demo Labels Stuck On Original Vinyl. There was a batch of these done by case one person in jean essay, the late 1990s now others are selling these on ebay which we find unacceptable. They got original common vinyl by big Names, ie Beatles, Stones, Billy Fury etc and scanned up real demo labels from other less valuable records. They then carelessly used any modern font copied the wording on a computer artwork program printed them out. They then stuck them onto the original vinyl used a scalpel to cut out the push out centre area centre hole. This is the big giveaway: know the Font used, know UK Demos generally have labels pressed with the study, vinyl know the dodgy cut-out of the centre holes. If we ever get any we smash them up so they are gone, but sadly these are still around one creep on why i to go essay, ebay got some idiot to descriptive, pay ?100 for a fake Beatles PPM demo.

Buyers of s interviews essays these items want an descriptive, artifact know sod all about vinyl sadly are the victims of their own lack of knowledge. Term Paper? We knew one guy who bought some from descriptive case study, this seller when it was just starting his scam was to price a ?100 demo for perfect term ?30, so the gullible-greedy buyer would jump at descriptive, such a big bargain not bother to why i to go essay, check what the item really was. Naturally only inexperienced buyers would fall for it this person is still active on ebay. If a UK Demo has an official Not For Sale white label with the Label name it will be pressed with the case, vinyl always. Want To Go To Italy Essay? The only descriptive exception were UK MGM who done odd Demos with basic details printed on 1940 s interviews, the White demo label then had Pink MGM demo labels glued over. As these often come loose, look under you'll see the basic one. were never used before 1983 on records. Fax numbers were new in descriptive study, the 1980s website names in luc godard, the later 1990s. of classic Studio One tracks look aged as they are poorly pressed on old equipment.

The 'noise' on descriptive case, these repressings is actually from using the corroded copper plates raw, rather than preparing them first. S Interviews Essays? The vinyl itself is not the case, noisy part, the noise is gaps in the record surface the verdigris (green copper rust) that the humidity creates on the copper. This is a Minefield too. For example, the Billy Fury 10 LP was originally a 1960 LP, a thick slab of vinyl, but it was reissued in 1982 on a thinner pressing but official product so quality is 1940 s interviews, good. Many will think their 31 years old one if not so new looking is real. But the case study, 1982 has 'LFT' as the term, catalog number and handwritten matrix numbers. The original has 'LF' and is machine stamped. Then Elvis 10 LPs were repressed in France as sort of bootlegs too: the Janis Elvis one you see forever relisted at a high price on descriptive case study, ebay is one of these, there is perfect paper, a HMV Best Of Elvis too. These were sold shrinkwrapped, possibly with a Collector Issue note on it from what we remember seing them sold as new on markets. Then there are more modern nasty fakes of descriptive study Beatles Gold Please Please Me that will trap the unwary.

Again, only Money items are faked. To An Essay? Buying on ebay is not safe for the Artifact Buyer who doesn't know enough about Vinyl. Be sure, unless you buy from case, a dealer who has plenty of statement Old Vinyl, that your ?100-?500 Bargain when they are ?1000 from case, others is a Fake. Personal Essay? There are Fakes in study, any area of Collecting where Money Items are involved. Even in want to italy essay, Hifi, you'd think no-one would Fake an descriptive, Amplifier, but there are Official Collector's Editions of Quad, Marantz McIntosh as well as others possibly, but these are prestige items, but still the essay, buyer may think they are getting a Vintage 1960s one. Learn your Subject. To say all USA records with them are original is wrong, as is saying all ZTSP with handwritten ones are fake. Early 50s RCA promos had handwritten matrixes whist the issues had stamped ones. USA Columbia pressed vinyl or styrene have been seen with handwritten matrix numbers. 1970s Northern Soul repros of Lorenzo Manley and study Fuller Brothers with stamped matrices but poor sound when compared to the originals shows they are duds, but you won't read that anywhere else.

The Lorenzo one cut lower much duller sounding is always passed off as an personal, original! All well us saying these things, but what is a Matrix Number? It is a number-letter code on the vinyl in the gap between the end of the descriptive, music grooves the statement essay example, label edge. The term used for this space that has a spiral groove to activate an autochanger is study, 'Dead Wax' from the days of 1940 early 78s, or 'Run Out Area' for case other folks. Depending on personal example, the record company, eg Parlophone used 7XCE, Stateside used 45KR many others. The Matrix number is noted on the label too, eg Parlophone R5200 which is Beatles 'I Feel Fine' has the descriptive case study, Catalog number R 5200 on the right of the label and 7XCE 18171 on the left. The number stamped in the vinyl is jean luc godard, 7XCE 18171-1N. Descriptive Case Study? Looking at the record, assuming the matrix number is at introduction essay, the bottom, to the left at 9 o'clock position is case study, KT and a number, to the right at 1940 s interviews, the 3 o'clock position will be a code from the GRAMOPHLTD letters relating to case, a number 1-9 0, eg R is 2. Depending on how many copies sold how late your pressing is. This may be G, GA or GOD as we had on one got a Tenner for it as someone liked that!

On a Decca pressed record, eg London, eg 1962, you'll find a letter from statement essay, BUCKINGHAM. If a Decca pressing has BH in one line it is the 18th one, if it has B with H below, ignore the H and it's the descriptive case study, 1st. Matrix numbers are generally unimportant despite the ebay BS hype, but they can be useful for research. Similarly the s interviews essays, presence of this doesn't always mean the same either! This serrated 'grip' edge began on descriptive case, UK vinyl in early 1957 because popular cheap record players at the time until the mid 80s were autochangers where you stacked up records played up to 8 records in perfect term, one go, like a jukebox. Descriptive Case Study? From Dansettes to flimsy BSR turntables, the autochanger was rife. The serrated edge simply stopped the paper, labels slipping spoiling the music. For this reason, HMV Elvis unless barely played have the serrated bit worn through to the white base paper from repeated playing. Case? To confuse the what a good introduction to an essay, issue, you find some USA records with serrated edges, not many, but look at descriptive, USA Capitol pressings from 1968-70s they have this so do a few originally USA-only Northern Soul repros pressed in 1940, the UK in the 70s, eg the case study, Tommy Navarro one.

Several other countries adopted the serrated edge, from term, Singapore and Holland to India. Having said that, a UK record with the serrated edge can be looked on case, as 'official product' made between 1957 and 1984 . The presence of this or not is no clue to originality as many UK pressings are only recognisable as UK pressings by other features as often no country is stated. Non UK pressed repros can still copy this text making confusion. is more for LP and judith room EP buyers. Some early 50s EPs came without lamination, only to have later issues laminated. Lamination is a thin layer of plastic film attached permanently to descriptive study, usually only the front of luc godard a record sleeve to protect it. As years age the earliest ones, the glue has gone hard the lamination starts to crack peel. By circa 1969 it was common to see unlaminated sleeves by the 70s it was usual. See all the paper tears top right corner from careless sticker removal! Some earlier unlaminated UK ones had an descriptive case study, odd varnish type covering, meaning if you remove dry tape marks with meths, off comes the printing too! You may see a Velvett Fogg 1969 Pye LP with no lamination a barcode, we heard of a collector receiving one instead of the real one his money paid expected.

This one relates to LPs mainly. Some LPs had a flap of 1940 s interviews paper from the front part of the cover bent over to case, glue to the back part creating a neat join. These are called flipback sleeves. Essay Example? The Decca pressed ones to descriptive, about 1961 had a curved section cut out, to accomadate the shape of the vinyl put in the cover. After that it was just a plain strip.

By 1964-65 Decca pressings could have either a flipback or not as the perfect paper, flap is sealed inside the cover, not outside it randomly done so, neither early or late unless other factors showed otherwise. A 1959 LP with no flipback can be seen to be a 1965 or later issue, in those days some LPs stayed available for several years. Study? The 1965 press would have a subtly different label and pressing moulding. we've seen as a way to show the BS ebay seller had a rare export copy prices it to the unaware. S Interviews? Again look at a large amount of descriptive case study UK vinyl covering 50s to s interviews, 70s, and you'll see many EMI Decca pressed records often showing these letters.

All it means is the record could be exported to eg Holland be official product, based on specific copyright terms. The fact it was sold in the UK means it's not a proper Export, only those with alternate catalog numbers or different B sides are proper exports. Cliff's Gee Whizz It's You was an export issue, as the descriptive case, catalog number shows, but it was also sold in the UK as it made the why i want to go essay, Top 10, despite not being an study, official UK release. The easy ones first: Oriole had some solid centres in personal, 1962 as regular stock copies, nothing special. Oriole Contracts of 1963-64 Beatles on descriptive case study, Parlophone exist but these are likely just test pressings only a good introduction essay different by being solid centre. Whether any actualy sold for ?500 asking prices is unlikely. Pye similarly done solid centres occasionally from 1960-69 with the descriptive, earliest Lonnie Donegan Dustman from 1960, again nothing special. EMI started in 1952 with large hole pressings, if the 4 prong centre was introduced mid 1953 continued until 1966. After this solid 4 prong centres are often found if some titles that didn't sell from 1967-69 will be only found with solid centres, eg Bobby Goldsboro Too Many People is only on perfect, solid centre as far as we know if the Demo is a pronged centre for descriptive case study jukeboxes.

Big hits like Pink Floyd Emily are commonly found as either solid or pronged centre. Decca is the oddity here though. The first UK Decca 45s were the 45000 series export Blue Gold Decca in perfect, 1950 into the 900-1000 series London exports, some of which by descriptive case study 1954 had thick tri centres, if the USA type large centre. Tri centres changed from Aug 1954 Thick Tri to Jan 1955 Long Thin Tri to March 1955 standard Tri as on the London pages, if dates are never precise. What Makes To An Essay? The Tri centre continued until March 1960 if Round centres started September 1959. Round centres with 4 prongs are standard Decca style until 1980 when Polygran bought Decca. Every single Decca pressed 45 has a 4 prong centre.

One sided Demos in descriptive, the 1950s-1960 could be solid centre or tri centre, a mix of s interviews both even on descriptive case study, the same A+B pair. A Good Introduction To An? But there are Solid Centre Pressings made from 1955 to at least 1964. These are actually reject copies with rough edges trimmed with scissors, a centre hole but no centre shape for Tri or Round. These we've had over the years they are usually poor grade look untidy so even having Gold London Bill Haley Fontane sisters, we didn't like them as they weren't real records. But as RCA pressed Elvis Presley Rolling Stones who have a wide collector base, these rejects can be offered for ?100, again whether they sell is another thing as they look messy. But if colectors like them, prices rise, but we aren't sure anyone but the descriptive case study, tiny few care once they have them there is no interest.

All UK 45s from jean luc godard, 1953 to descriptive, 1980s have either with small LP-size centre holes, obvious exceptions are 1953 EMI, 1967-73 Polydor early 50s Decca exports, or those 1967 on that have been 'dinked' for a jukebox, as they were made with a solid centre: either roughly by a hand tool or by a machine. UK record centres: Decca used a triangle centre from 1954 to 1960. EMI used round centres 1953 onwards, after the few early large centre issues (see other pages of ours). All other labels used a 3-prong or 4-prong round centre that could be removed for jukeboxes or the 1940 s interviews essays, early USA record players. Descriptive Study? There are also the jigsaw removable-replaceable centres too, see another page of essays ours - '50s Odd Centres'. A UK record with a centre is mistakenly called a 'Tri Centre' by study some European sellers, unaware Tri means Triangle, rather than just any centre. A restuck centre, often found with Tri Centres is only worth the same as a NO CENTRE record (or less if it was messily glued), ie 25%-75% of the with-centre copy.

Stuck centres easily come out, ping one with your finger see it fly across the room! Then put an adaptor in instead. maybe viewed with suspicion, as the general style of centre is the personal statement essay, large jukebox middle. Not so, USA Columbia introduced a failed attempt to compete with RCA's 45rpm with their 33rpm 7, see the Tri Centres page for descriptive study photos. Some were unfinished or factory-only test items, like the Okeh one, just like you see UK Gold London with solid centres oversized edges as untrimmed. Term? You still see UK sellers saying a USA record is a NOC or 'no original centre', clearly unaware of the descriptive, history of the jean, 45. The 33rpm Jukebox single from the descriptive, early 60s with or without the thick card mini cover slicks is another example. You rarely find a Jamaican early 60s issue with the solid centre a small LP size hole, these again are unfinished items.

Slade on ortiz cofer essays, 1970s Polydor are found as USA pressings with UK numbers solid centres. In the 1973-74 era with all the problems, contract pressings imported contract pressings are numerous, to the point some hits on descriptive, the first press are USA import only, like David Bowie with Rebel Rebel, see elsewhere on our site. The presence of more room a proper one that is real, not just a printed part of the descriptive, label design, means it is s interviews, a genuine item, though it may be a much later pressing. Cutting out the descriptive, area to make the luc godard, centre a push-out one appears to be very expensive, so bootleggers don't bother. New Zealand pressings used a square centre for some years late 50s early 60s Japan used a shaped tri centre in a similar era. But again, a few modern reissues or retro style releases are appearing with pronged centres. of a proper released record will be of descriptive some hifi quality. Want To Go Essay? If it is study, boomy with little crispness like USA bootlegs of 50s music in the 70s taken from 78s, that's a big giveaway. 1940 Essays? Today vinyl repros get the noise digitally reduced. Having heard some, as always the descriptive case study, amateur has gone too far with the noise reduction settings lost the perfect paper, ambience from the music, making the music sound very unnatural. Case Study? Mastering records listening through 6 speakers is to go, a fool's game.

A lot of the descriptive case, recent UK 60s Bootleg 45s are mastered much lower than the s interviews, original 45. eg ^56778 on USA vinyl continued into the 70s, so if your 50s/60s music record has one over study approx ^90000 then it's a 70s repro. Essays? Some originals were pressed at Monarch in the USA in descriptive, the 60s the repro/bootlegs were made there too years later. They are often styrene records, a harder type of vinyl that plays beautifully as regards surface noise on a high grade copy, but it can wear badly. Want Essay? Early Delta numbers turn up on study, records 1954-55 and on judith more, vinyl. Some reissues, like the Buster Eddie on Class use the old metal stampers with the 1960s Delta, only the label colour difference gives it away. are scans or photocopies, though today's printing techniques can be very advanced. Some recreate the typeface in a modern similar font and others add numbers or wording to the original scanned design which helps show the study, reissue from the term paper, real. can be a good clue too, as can the study, texture.

An original will always be on a better quality paper with a crisper typeface with no blurring. A very modern repro will still get things wrong: those 60s Beat repros get the Pye pink very wrong as they are just scans as earlier were photocopies*. Luc Godard Essay? Of course, some will use much higher resolution paperwork but even then, you can't match the case study, vinyl even if the makes essay, labels are 99% perfect. * It appears we must add that the descriptive case, image of the original is scanned or photocopied then printed on typical paper ink. Photocopy paper is dust that is heat bonded and why i want to go essay is never used raw. Case Study? Only the source image is personal statement essay, derived from a photo, scan or photocopy . The usual way for a UK 45 to case study, have it's label applied is having it pressed into 1940 the vinyl when made. This means you cannot pick it away at case, the edge it does not lay above the personal essay, surface. Descriptive Case Study? Certain USA labels always used a stuck-on label, eg Styrene always had a stuck-on label applied with glue.

Later Styrene pressings had ink printed directly onto s interviews essays, the blank label are with no paper. Study? A basic rule is a Vinyl pressed record (ignoring acetates) will have a pressed-on label. Exceptions include small-run private type labels, eg the what a good, early 1965-66 Blue Horizon. Any Decca sporting a stuck-on Demo label is descriptive case study, highly likely to why i to go to italy essay, be fake, although again some exceptions regarding test pressings allowed these fakes to get accepted. Any record with the descriptive, centre prongs showing in luc godard essay, the label area will be precisely cut as they were cut whilst the vinyl was being pressed. This gets a little tricky, as hinted already, as you see blank white label or blank record company logo labels with applied sticker labels showing info. Descriptive? This applies to the Beatles Apple Demos, which are fairly glossy blank white labels with an Apple label stuck over.

You can find standard stock copies of a wide range of labels with added Emidisc or similar labels, these are genuine, but the ease of adding such should not make them hugely valuable, more like a nice issue defaced! Another exception as mentioned already, is want essay, MGM by case study 1967 it became independently pressed in the UK (by EMI still, in perfect paper, plain white sleeves), the descriptive study, Demos here are plain white with basic details printed on the labels, but oddly a more typical pink MGM demo label stuck over! Confusing is the essays, word. used is a vague one, though see a Sun 45 with a too-modern looking crisp font it's a modern (80s on) repro. Modern Soul repros make little attempt to copy the original label. Descriptive Case? Oddly a 1928 RCA Victor Blues 78 with it's plain font looks much newer than it is. Overall, experience is what gets you picking original from repro.

added to ordinary records, or even old ones added to repro ones! Even old ones soaked from cheapo 45s to personal statement example, add onto a Beatles makes a ?5 record a ?40 one, what a bargain. Study? These silly items are created to make an ordinary item appear special to want to go essay, novices thinking they are getting a Beatles Demo or similar on the cheap. Genuine EMI, Decca or Philips group sample stickers are easy to tell once you've seen some the positioning of them will be apparent after seeing a large amount. No EMI sticker will turn up on a Decca record a 70s EMI one won't be on a mid 60s EMI.

EMI ones were of one sort then a later sort appeared. Does it matter? No. Is it Worth More? Not in The Real World. It's a gummed label like a stamp. It can be used to study, cover a tear or writing explaining the personal example, odd positions you see them put in. It's easily transferred should add NOTHING to the value in the real world, a thing ebay clearly isn't. Pay ?. for descriptive a Beatles Factory Sample and then try to sell it yourself.

A Factory Sample Sticker is WORTHLESS! It's a Factory Test Sample or a cheap way of doing a Promo. Only a clearly different label design maybe in White with a big A and a Release Date denotes a proper Demo. Essay? An Oriole demo from 1962 will just have a silver A on the centre of one side, unlike earlier later white demos. A UK Sue 45 with a Black rectangle is NOT a Demo, all the rectangle does is cover Sue Records USA on descriptive, 45s 'licensed' from why i to go, other labels. If you still think it is, then no-one will mind charging you extra! Some records only exist as Stock Copies with Factory Samples ie TMG 525 is not on descriptive case, a RW Demo, adding a sticker does not make ?100 into ?200, unless you are gullible.

The big pre mid 1965 Fontana sample stickers actually look ugly the record looks better without it as it's worth no difference unless the perfect, HN JP ones are hyped. fake '60s' acetates, faked items using old blank labels from case study, 1940s 78 acetates stuck onto a Beatles record some fool pays ?150 for it. Computer printed demo labels stuck onto regular issues and badly cut out around the what makes introduction essay, centre pushout. These fake items created to trap the unaware buyer thinking it's a bargain or something special. The buyers as evidenced by ebay feedback shows they aren't Record Buyers, but are after a piece of Memorabilia that is rare but have no knowledge of really what they are buying. The rule here is descriptive study, it's not worth anything more than a standard copy if it basically looks like a standard copy. Only proper printed Demo or Promo labels are something special, as are Acetates.

An oddity is personal example, with some Australian promos: the descriptive case, added-on Demo sticker is stuck on the label BEFORE pressing. Removal or falling-off results in a dip in s interviews, the vinyl as the sticker was originally level with the rest of the label, rather than raised as a later added one would be. is another one to look out for. Descriptive Case Study? Any repro made since the 80s will not have the deep 'mono' grooves cut like an original has. 70s repros still used older machinery so other signs must be checked. is not too helpful, those unplayed 50s Savoy stock look too new but are real early pressings, as do unplayed boxes of UK Blue Beat Wynonie Harris EPs. Similarly a scuffy or scratched disc with a worn label may easily be a repro aged up, but for perfect term paper it to 'sell' only big ?? items would be aged up. of older music often means a 70s press especially if the case, music is playing in Mono, look at your yellow Epic copy of Vibrations 'Cause You're Mine' with Stereo added then you'll see it's an personal statement essay example, early 70s press, not the 1969 one which had narrower smaller typeface!

Stereo 45s do exist from case study, 1958, but will be easily proved originals from other factors. is of no use to decide if real or not, ignore those tedious ebay BS dealers saying 'original thick vinyl'. A 1949 USA RCA 45 is on thin vinyl as is a 1956 one. Jean Luc Godard Essay? A UK 1957 RCA is on thicker vinyl. A 1966 Blue Beat is on the thickest heavy vinyl you will find, they are Orlake pressings. A 1958 HMV LP is case study, a strong heavy piece of perfect paper vinyl, yet some 1972-3 UK RCA LPs are so thin like a flexi. A thick heavy record with a silvery aluminium core seen through the centre is an Acetate can be genuine factory items with rare tracks, or especially in the early days of the Northern Soul scene, just a privately cut track for DJ use of no real value as a genuine studio acetate can have. Be aware a 60s track with felt tip pen writing is case study, not an what makes a good, old one! Handwritten biro, or ink on the earlier ones are likely to be genuine. Descriptive Study? There are Fake Acetates of 1940 essays Rare Tracks we see occasionally on ebay.

If it has no proper label, a 1960s track with felt tip details or just is too high grade, be Very Suspicious of it. Acetates last for decades, as you'd not see any if they didn''t, making a nonsense of the fragile not long lasting comments. You occasionally see 'Big Money' USA Northern Soul tracks cut back to back on case study, one acetate. Cofer Room Essays? These are items a DJ made himself in descriptive case, the 1970s just to ortiz cofer room essays, be able to play it and as it's 100% unofficial as well as the sound quality usually being awful, they are not worth more than ?10 as curios. Case Study? Of course there are Genuine Acetates of 60s Soul, but as with any acetate, there are clues.

These soul acetates can be crudely made, or nicely typed up on EMIDISC labels as one PP Arnold Everything's one was with a totally unrelated B side. Judith Ortiz More? One 'expert' was happy to descriptive case, sell it giving the perfect paper, idea by association with other items that it was a 1960s original studio made one a buyer was happy to pay silly money, nearly ?150 for an unofficial item, not a fake was a 1970s item, but little different from descriptive, a home tape. This same 'expert' had an extremely dodgy Beatles Faked Demo that he was quite indignant in a good, us questioning him on, as some other 'expert' had confirmed it was 'real' so how dare we question. Buyer beware is all you can say to that, keep it happily for 20 years then find out the truth. There are quite a lot of Unissued Motown tracks turning up with 'Recoat' on the labels, these were rejected official items meant for reuse, but with so much Unissued Motown on CD now vinyl, these tracks no doubt will be faked up similarly. For the risk of getting silly, it can be a clue, but be aware how many smokers there were until recent years. A smoky smelling record may not be that old, but to tell if Sleeves are old, if they smell musty that is descriptive case, a clue of age, but not a sure one. If the vinyl has an 1940 essays, obvious new plastic smell or a repro sleeve lacks crispness in the printing but gives you a paper cut it is likely a modern one. Case Study? Repro 7 sleeves have been around years now can look old at personal statement, a glance, but the descriptive case study, blurry print or modern typeface added to recreate them gives it away.

They often come apart as the seams are poorly glued. was a UK Billy Fury Export EP, the 'Play It Cool' one. The catalog number of a good to an both as RC shows is identical, yet the cover is the study, clear steep difference in statement, value. Case Study? Now a seller had a repro cover and offered the perfect paper, standard record inside it. The sleeve remember was a repro of no collector value. Yet excited (foolish) ebayers paid ?50 for it? Eh? Duh more like. ?10 the descriptive case study, record ?40 for a repro sleeve. 1940 S Interviews? Keeps us in the know smiling! Special AKA Gangsters was a huge hit rightly so. The majority are on paper labels worth no more than ?6, the only rarity is the handstamped sleeve, which has been repro'd and also the silver ink later 1980 press label for completists.

The RC TT1-3 being rare is nonsense, the majority have this, so a ?6 record in case study, reality. The first pressings are by Rough Trade via CBS and personal essay example you'll find EMI Pye contract pressings too as demand was high. Now here's the thing: Pye vinyl was black in descriptive case, normal light, but from 1972-1980ish some held up to a light it shines varied shades of red. Hold it up to 1940, the light black vinyl becomes red. Study? BFD. Term Paper? So the silly seller who backlit his to study, make the pic look fully red will have a buyer expecting it to look red in daylight, as red vinyl suggests. In reality, the Pye contract is more common than the EMI one seller tried a similar game for months to get ?20 for his to no avail. OK, we're having a laugh here apparently, all MP3s can be faked to oblivion as can any home made MP3 from the original vinyl. A MP3 looks like nothing, as nothing it is, it is virtual if your hard drive, iPod or dongle with the 1940 essays, track on descriptive case study, dies, so does the download! How silly you were not to keep 25 backups! But there really are fake MP3 downloads hiding as zip files with nasty .exe viruses in perfect term, them on these dodgy peer to case study, peer sites, so all here is jean luc godard essay, not in vain.

An area of Collecting where FAKE is Exceedingly likely to the point of Guaranteed Fake. Study? One seller on ebay we noticed with 12 records with many name artists having signed the vinyl! Bullshit! No way would the why i want essay, owner carry round 12 records genuinely to case study, a gig then get the artist or group to want to go to italy, sign the item so steadily! Bullshit 2! Those Silver pens are only case study good for a short time before the statement, point clogs take a while to start if at all. No way would the pen be ready working perfectly each time in a rushed situation. Look at their ended items. 60+ items all signed very similarly. It would take years in reality, or 20 minutes to fake.

There are so many gullible buyers thinking at a bargain price it'll do. You've been conned! You see Pawn Stars on the History Channel, see how Rick buys, he's sharp like us. They either pay no extra for the signature or need full COA proof. Descriptive Case? The experts they pull in have much knowledge will have pictures of original signatures take more than 20 seconds screen time to confirm, if one they've stopped using now.

If you want to what a good to an, buy Signed Items, be very careful even COA provenance can be faked so easily. Descriptive Case? Ebay clearly don't care and allow this to term, go on, as it's not illegal like selling DVD copies, so you'll actually find there is no way to report these items. Descriptive Case? Buyer beware. Autographs are a strange market, they need to a good essay, be signed clearly display well by Framing Matting, but then the descriptive, Ink Fades in daylight so the value is paper, gone. are everywhere and they are constantly repressing them, now in better vinyl quality occasionally adding more titles, the latest batch are Hot USA RB 45s from around 1958. The Reggae ones were first around over descriptive case 12 years ago in the London Collector shops. Essay? Seeing a wall full of 'Rare Originals' for the first time sure gets you going! Most are openly sold as repros for ?6-8 so no problem really for buyers.

They are all well worth buying sound good, if a little lacking in case, punch compared to the originals. We've had the first lot to s interviews essays, keep the music digitally from the study, vinyl if we'd not had the original copy. The UK pressed ones lack the serrated edge, some have large or small centres, but the matrix numbers are at cofer room essays, least obvious with the song titles or catalog number etched, not the study, machine stamped matrix number of old. with the ortiz cofer essays, old cliche about being given some records not knowing much about them, but without actually saying they are 'new' or 'repro' as they apparently don't know. Case Study? But sadly the Inexperienced buyer sees the Dollar signs (that was originated in a Tom Jerry 1940s cartoon) and believing they are getting a huge bargain keep bidding. Or more likely the seller is fake-bidding up their own items.

The more bidders the item gets, the 'sheep' effect comes in, ie they think it's right so it must be! Ending up paying ?30 or more for the repro is the outcome. It's up to the buyer to term paper, understand what they are buying watch out.